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dc.contributor.authorYahya, Razan Z.
dc.contributor.authorArrieta, Jesús M.
dc.contributor.authorCusack, Michael
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-01T08:02:27Z
dc.date.available2019-08-01T08:02:27Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-31
dc.identifier.citationYahya, R. Z., Arrieta, J. M., Cusack, M., & Duarte, C. M. (2019). Airborne Prokaryote and Virus Abundance Over the Red Sea. Frontiers in Microbiology, 10. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2019.01112
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmicb.2019.01112
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/656286
dc.description.abstractAeolian dust exerts a considerable influence on atmospheric and oceanic conditions negatively impacting human health, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions like Saudi Arabia. Aeolian dust is often characterized by its mineral and chemical composition; however, there is a microbiological component of natural aerosols that has received comparatively little attention. Moreover, the amount of materials suspended in the atmosphere is highly variable from day to day. Thus, understanding the variability of atmospheric dust loads and suspended microbes throughout the year is essential to clarify the possible effects of dust on the Red Sea ecosystem. Here, we present the first estimates of dust and microbial loads at a coastal site on the Red Sea over a 2-year period, supplemented with measurements from dust samples collected along the Red Sea basin in offshore waters. Weekly average dust loads from a coastal site on the Red Sea ranged from 4.6 to 646.11 μg m−3, while the abundance of airborne prokaryotic cells and viral-like particles (VLPs) ranged from 77,967 to 1,203,792 cells m−3 and from 69,615 to 3,104,758 particles m−3, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first estimates of airborne microbial abundance in this region. The elevated concentrations of resuspended dust particles and suspended microbes found in the air indicate that airborne microbes may potentially have a large impact on human health and on the Red Sea ecosystem.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by funding supplied by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology to CD.
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2019.01112/full
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectaerosol microparticles
dc.subjectbioaerosol
dc.subjectprokaryotic cell
dc.subjectviral-like particles
dc.subjectparticulate matter
dc.subjectRed Sea
dc.titleAirborne prokaryote and virus abundance over the red sea
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentComputational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC)
dc.contributor.departmentDivision of Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering, Red Sea Research Centre and Computational Bioscience Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science and Engineering
dc.contributor.departmentPublication Srvcs and Researcher Support
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Microbiology
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionSpanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO), Oceanographic Center of The Canary Islands, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
kaust.personYahya, Razan Z.
kaust.personCusack, Michael
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
refterms.dateFOA2019-08-01T08:03:10Z


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.