KAUST DepartmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Electrical Engineering Program
Online Publication Date2019-07-17
Print Publication Date2019
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/656036
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AbstractThe prospect of ultra-massive multiple-input multiple-output (UM-MIMO) technology to combat the distance problem at the Terahertz (THz)-band is considered. It is well-known that the very large available bandwidths at THz frequencies come at the cost of severe propagation losses and power limitations, which result in very short communication distances. Recently, graphene-based plasmonic nano-antenna arrays that can accommodate hundreds of antenna elements in a few millimeters have been proposed. While such arrays enable efficient beamforming that can increase the communication range, they fail to provide sufficient spatial degrees of freedom for spatial multiplexing. In this paper, we examine spatial modulation (SM) techniques that can leverage the properties of densely packed configurable arrays of subarrays of nano-antennas, to increase capacity and spectral efficiency, while maintaining acceptable beamforming performance. Depending on the communication distance and the frequency of operation, a specific SM configuration that ensures good channel conditions is recommended. We analyze the performance of the proposed schemes theoretically and numerically in terms of symbol and bit error rates, where significant gains are observed compared to conventional SM. We demonstrate that SM at very high frequencies is a feasible paradigm, and we motivate several extensions that can make THz-band SM a future research trend.
CitationSarieddeen, H., Alouini, M.-S., & Al-Naffouri, T. Y. (2019). Terahertz-Band Ultra-Massive Spatial Modulation MIMO. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 37(9), 2040–2052. doi:10.1109/jsac.2019.2929455
SponsorsThe work of all authors was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) research fund.