Engineering of Photophysical Properties in Halide Perovskites: From Nano to Bulk for Optoelectronic Applications
KAUST DepartmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/652927
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AbstractHalide perovskites have attracted the attention of a broad segment of the optoelectronics field, owing to their outstanding optical and electrical properties; simple low-temperature solution processing; low-cost raw materials; and tunable bandgaps. The main objective of this dissertation is engineering the materials’ properties of halide perovskites – their crystallinity, composition, and dimensionality – in order to understand the fundamental photophysical processes leading to their extraordinary behavior and to translate this understanding into optoelectronic applications. This dissertation is divided into two parts: the first focuses primarily on halide perovskites as a photonic source from an emission perspective, whereas the second is devoted to fundamental investigation of emergent photophysical concepts in halide perovskite materials including photon recycling and hot carriers. In the first part of this dissertation, we studied the synthesis and characterization of Cs-Pb-Br-based perovskite-related single crystals to elucidate the origin of the materials’ emission properties. After that, we presented perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) as a color converter in solid state lighting and visible light communication. Perovskites NCs’ converted white light (with a high color rendering index of 89 and a color correlated temperature of 3236 K) exhibits an extraordinary modulation bandwidth of 491 MHz, and data transmission rate of 2 Gbit/s. In the second part of this dissertation, we developed a facile synthesis method for perovskite microwires and demonstrate efficient photon recycling in those microwires with conclusive spectroscopic evidence. Subsequently, we investigated hot charge carriers in halide perovskites solar cells by a combination of laser spectroscopy and density functional modelling. Furthermore, we presented that hot holes were extracted at the device interface between the perovskite absorber and a hole transport layer. The findings and methodologies described in this dissertation represent a significant advance for utilizing the optical properties of halide perovskites, bring new fundamental photophysical insights to the field of halide perovskites, and provide a new powerful approach for designing the interface of perovskite solar cells to efficiently extract the hot charge carriers.