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dc.contributor.authorDasari, Hari Prasad
dc.contributor.authorDesamsetti, Srinivas
dc.contributor.authorLangodan, Sabique
dc.contributor.authorAttada, Raju
dc.contributor.authorKunchala, Ravi
dc.contributor.authorViswanadhapalli, Yesubabu
dc.contributor.authorKnio, Omar
dc.contributor.authorHoteit, Ibrahim
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-08T12:27:01Z
dc.date.available2019-05-08T12:27:01Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-07
dc.identifier.citationDasari HP, Desamsetti S, Langodan S, Attada R, Kunchala RK, et al. (2019) High-resolution assessment of solar energy resources over the Arabian Peninsula. Applied Energy 248: 354–371. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.04.105.
dc.identifier.issn0306-2619
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.04.105
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/652461
dc.description.abstractThis study presents a high-resolution spatial and temporal assessment of the solar energy resources over the Arabian Peninsula (AP) from 38 years (1980–2017) reanalysis data generated using an assimilative Weather Research and Forecasting Solar model. The simulations are performed based on two, two-way nested domains with 15 km and 5 km resolutions using the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts as initial and boundary conditions and assimilating most of available observations in the region. Simulated solar energy resources, such as the Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI), Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI), and the Diffusive Horizontal Irradiance (DHI), are first validated with daily observations collected at 46 in-situ radiometer stations over Saudi Arabia for a period of four years (2013–2016). Observed and modelled data are in good agreement with high correlation coefficients, index of agreements, and low normalized biases. The total mean annual GHI (DNI) over the AP ranges from 6000 to 8500 Wh m−2 (3000 to 6500 Wh m−2) with significant seasonal variations. The diffuse fraction (the ratio of the DHI to the GHI) is high (low) over the northern (southern) AP in winter whereas it is high (low) over the central to southern (northern) AP during summer, indicating a significant modulation of the sky clearness over the region. Clouds over the northern AP in winter and the aerosol loading due to desert dust over the central and southern AP in summer are the major factors driving the variability of the DHI. The effects of dust and clouds are more pronounced in the diurnal variability of the solar radiation parameters. Our analysis of various solar radiation parameters and the aerosol properties suggest a significant potential for solar energy harvesting in the AP. In particular, the southeastern to northwestern Saudi Arabia are identified as the most suitable areas to exploit solar energy with a minimum cloud coverage over the region.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe study was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)under the “Virtual Red Sea Initiative”, Award Number REP/1/3268-01-01 and the Saudi ARAMCO-KAUST Marine Environmental Research Center (SAKMERC). The research made use of the Supercomputing Laboratory resources at KAUST. We thank King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy for making the radiometer observations from the Renewable Resource Monitoring and Mapping Solar Measurement Network available online.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261919307779
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Applied Energy
dc.subjectArabian Peninsula
dc.subjectDiffusive horizontal irradiance
dc.subjectDirect normal irradiance
dc.subjectGlobal horizontal irradiance
dc.subjectSolar energy
dc.subjectWRF-solar
dc.titleHigh-resolution assessment of solar energy resources over the Arabian Peninsula
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentApplied Mathematics and Computational Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Fluid Modeling and Prediction Group
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalApplied Energy
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology (IITD), New Delhi, , India
dc.contributor.institutionNational Atmospheric Research Laboratories (NARL), Department of Space (DoS), Gadanki, , India
kaust.personDasari, Hari Prasad
kaust.personDesamsetti, Srinivas
kaust.personLangodan, Sabique
kaust.personAttada, Raju
kaust.personKunchala, Ravi
kaust.personKnio, Omar
kaust.personHoteit, Ibrahim
kaust.grant.numberREP/1/3268-01-01
dc.date.published-online2019-05-07
dc.date.published-print2019-08


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