Hierarchical Low Rank Approximation of Likelihoods for Large Spatial Datasets
KAUST DepartmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Applied Mathematics and Computational Science Program
Online Publication Date2017-09-21
Print Publication Date2018-01-02
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/631117
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AbstractDatasets in the fields of climate and environment are often very large and irregularly spaced. To model such datasets, the widely used Gaussian process models in spatial statistics face tremendous challenges due to the prohibitive computational burden. Various approximation methods have been introduced to reduce the computational cost. However, most of them rely on unrealistic assumptions for the underlying process and retaining statistical efficiency remains an issue. We develop a new approximation scheme for maximum likelihood estimation. We show how the composite likelihood method can be adapted to provide different types of hierarchical low rank approximations that are both computationally and statistically efficient. The improvement of the proposed method is explored theoretically; the performance is investigated by numerical and simulation studies; and the practicality is illustrated through applying our methods to two million measurements of soil moisture in the area of the Mississippi River basin, which facilitates a better understanding of the climate variability. Supplementary material for this article is available online.
CitationHuang H, Sun Y (2017) Hierarchical Low Rank Approximation of Likelihoods for Large Spatial Datasets. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 27: 110–118. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10618600.2017.1356324.
SponsorsThe research reported in this publication was supported by funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments.
PublisherInforma UK Limited
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