Noninvasive Featherlight Wearable Compliant “Marine Skin”: Standalone Multisensory System for Deep-Sea Environmental Monitoring
AuthorsShaikh, Sohail F.
Mazo-Mantilla, Harold F.
Khan, Sherjeel M.
Nassar, Joanna M.
Geraldi, Nathan R.
Duarte, Carlos M.
Hussain, Muhammad Mustafa
KAUST DepartmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Electrical Engineering Program
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Marine Science Program
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/630976
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AbstractAdvances in marine research to understand environmental change and its effect on marine ecosystems rely on gathering data on species physiology, their habitat, and their mobility patterns using heavy and invasive biologgers and sensory telemetric networks. In the past, a lightweight (6 g) compliant environmental monitoring system: Marine Skin was demonstrated. In this paper, an enhanced version of that skin with improved functionalities (500–1500% enhanced sensitivity), packaging, and most importantly its endurance at a depth of 2 km in the highly saline Red Sea water for four consecutive weeks is reported. A unique noninvasive approach for attachment of the sensor by designing a wearable, stretchable jacket (bracelet) that can adhere to any species irrespective of their skin type is also illustrated. The wearable featherlight (<0.5 g in air, 3 g with jacket) gadget is deployed on Barramundi, Seabream, and common goldfish to demonstrate the noninvasive and effective attachment strategy on different species of variable sizes which does not hinder the animals' natural movement or behavior.
CitationShaikh SF, Mazo-Mantilla HF, Qaiser N, Khan SM, Nassar JM, et al. (2019) Noninvasive Featherlight Wearable Compliant “Marine Skin”: Standalone Multisensory System for Deep-Sea Environmental Monitoring. Small: 1804385. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201804385.
SponsorsThis publication is based upon work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. Sensor Innovation Initiative OSR-2015-Sensors-2707 and KAUST-KFUPM Special Initiative OSR-2016-KKI-2880. The authors thankfully acknowledge Oceanografic Valencia, Spain for helping with the marine species based testing of the reported marine skins, and Jorge Alarcon and the Beacon Corporation for assistance with fish husbandry at KAUST.