Experimental Mixed-Gas Permeability, Sorption and Diffusion of CO2-CH4 Mixtures in 6FDA-mPDA Polyimide Membrane: Unveiling the Effect of Competitive Sorption on Permeability Selectivity
KAUST DepartmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Chemical and Biological Engineering Program
KAUST Grant NumberBAS/1/1323-01-01
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/630883
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AbstractThe nonideal behavior of polymeric membranes during separation of gas mixtures can be quantified via the solution-diffusion theory from experimental mixed-gas solubility and permeability coefficients. In this study, CO₂-CH₄ mixtures were sorbed at 35 °C in 4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)diphthalic dianhydride (6FDA)-m-phenylenediamine (mPDA)-a polyimide of remarkable performance. The existence of a linear trend for all data of mixed-gas CO₂ versus CH₄ solubility coefficients-regardless of mixture concentration-was observed for 6FDA-mPDA and other polymeric films; the slope of this trend was identified as the ratio of gas solubilities at infinite dilution. The CO₂/CH₄ mixed-gas solubility selectivity of 6FDA-mPDA and previously reported polymers was higher than the equimolar pure-gas value and increased with pressure from the infinite dilution value. The analysis of CO₂-CH₄ mixed-gas concentration-averaged effective diffusion coefficients of equimolar feeds showed that CO₂ diffusivity was not affected by CH₄. Our data indicate that the decrease of CO₂/CH₄ mixed-gas diffusion, and permeability selectivity from the pure-gas values, resulted from an increase in the methane diffusion coefficient in mixtures. This effect was the result of an alteration of the size sieving properties of 6FDA-mPDA as a consequence of CO₂ presence in the 6FDA-mPDA film matrix.
CitationGenduso G, Ghanem B, Pinnau I (2019) Experimental Mixed-Gas Permeability, Sorption and Diffusion of CO2-CH4 Mixtures in 6FDA-mPDA Polyimide Membrane: Unveiling the Effect of Competitive Sorption on Permeability Selectivity. Membranes 9: 10. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/membranes9010010.
SponsorsThis work was supported by funding (BAS/1/1323-01-01) from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
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