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dc.contributor.authorGattuso, Jean-Pierre
dc.contributor.authorMagnan, Alexandre K.
dc.contributor.authorBopp, Laurent
dc.contributor.authorCheung, William W. L.
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.contributor.authorHinkel, Jochen
dc.contributor.authorMcleod, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorMicheli, Fiorenza
dc.contributor.authorOschlies, Andreas
dc.contributor.authorWilliamson, Phillip
dc.contributor.authorBillé, Raphaël
dc.contributor.authorChalastani, Vasiliki I.
dc.contributor.authorGates, Ruth D.
dc.contributor.authorIrisson, Jean-Olivier
dc.contributor.authorMiddelburg, Jack J.
dc.contributor.authorPörtner, Hans-Otto
dc.contributor.authorRau, Greg H.
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-21T13:15:52Z
dc.date.available2018-11-21T13:15:52Z
dc.date.issued2018-10-04
dc.identifier.citationGattuso J-P, Magnan AK, Bopp L, Cheung WWL, Duarte CM, et al. (2018) Ocean Solutions to Address Climate Change and Its Effects on Marine Ecosystems. Frontiers in Marine Science 5. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00337.
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2018.00337
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/629968
dc.description.abstractThe Paris Agreement target of limiting global surface warming to 1.5-2°C compared to pre-industrial levels by 2100 will still heavily impact the ocean. While ambitious mitigation and adaptation are both needed, the ocean provides major opportunities for action to reduce climate change globally and its impacts on vital ecosystems and ecosystem services. A comprehensive and systematic assessment of 13 global- and local-scale, ocean-based measures was performed to help steer the development and implementation of technologies and actions toward a sustainable outcome. We show that (1) all measures have tradeoffs and multiple criteria must be used for a comprehensive assessment of their potential, (2) greatest benefit is derived by combining global and local solutions, some of which could be implemented or scaled-up immediately, (3) some measures are too uncertain to be recommended yet, (4) political consistency must be achieved through effective cross-scale governance mechanisms, (5) scientific effort must focus on effectiveness, co-benefits, disbenefits, and costs of poorly tested as well as new and emerging measures.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank M. Khamla (CNRS) and S. Ghani (King Abdullah University of Science and Technology) for help with artwork. This is a product of "The Oceans Solutions Initiative", an expert group supported by the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, the Ocean Acidification International Coordination Centre of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Veolia Foundation, and the French Facility for Global Environment. AKM thanks the French Government for its support under the "Investissements d'avenir" programme, managed by the French National Research Agency (ANR-10-LABX-14-01). RB was supported by the RESCCUE project funded by the French Development Agency and the French Global Environment Facility (AFD CZZ 2205 01 W and FFEM CZZ 1667 01 H). WWLC acknowledges funding support from the Nippon Foundation-UBC Nereus Program. CMD participation was partly supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through baseline funding. JH was partly supported by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement number 642018 (GREEN-WIN project) and by the grant SEASCAPE from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) as part of the Special Priority Program (SPP)-1889 "Regional Sea Level Change and Society" (SeaLevel). EM was supported by the Nature Conservancy and the International Climate Initiative (IKI) funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. FM was partly supported by the US NSF (DEB-1212124 and OCE-1736830) and JJM by the Netherlands Earth System Science Center. The contents in this manuscript are solely the opinions of the authors and do not constitute a statement of policy, decision, or position on behalf of the Pacific Community
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2018.00337
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectClimate change
dc.subjectGlobal
dc.subjectGovernance
dc.subjectLocal
dc.subjectOcean acidification
dc.subjectOcean solutions
dc.titleOcean Solutions to Address Climate Change and Its Effects on Marine Ecosystems
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Marine Science
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionMonegasque Association on Ocean Acidification, Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, , Monaco
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute for Sustainable Development and International Relations, Sciences Po, Paris, , France
dc.contributor.institutionSorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche, Villefranche-sur-Mer, , , France
dc.contributor.institutionUMR LIENSs 7266, Université de La Rochelle, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, La Rochelle, , , France
dc.contributor.institutionDépartement de Géosciences, École Normale Supérieure, Paris, , France
dc.contributor.institutionCNRS/ENS/UPMC/école Polytechnique, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Paris, , , , , , , France
dc.contributor.institutionNippon Foundation - UBC Nereus Program and Changing Ocean Research Unit, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, , Canada
dc.contributor.institutionArctic Research Centre, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Aarhus, , Denmark
dc.contributor.institutionDivision of Resource Economics, Albrecht Daniel Thaer-Institute, Berlin Workshop in Institutional Analysis of Social-Ecological Systems (WINS), Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, , Germany
dc.contributor.institutionAdaptation and Social Learning, Global Climate Forum e.V., Berlin, , Germany
dc.contributor.institutionThe Nature Conservancy, Austin, TX, , United States
dc.contributor.institutionCenter for Ocean Solutions, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, , United States
dc.contributor.institutionGEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, , Germany
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, , United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionNatural Environment Research Council, Swindon, , United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionThe Pacific Community (SPC), Noumea, New Caledonia
dc.contributor.institutionHawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii at Mânoa, Honolulu, HI, , , United States
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, , Netherlands
dc.contributor.institutionAlfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, , Germany
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, , United States
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
refterms.dateFOA2018-11-22T07:04:41Z


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.