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dc.contributor.authorShahzad, Muhammad Wakil
dc.contributor.authorBurhan, Muhammad
dc.contributor.authorNg, Kim Choon
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-19T06:37:57Z
dc.date.available2018-11-19T06:37:57Z
dc.date.issued2018-11-10
dc.identifier.citationShahzad MW, Burhan M, Ng KC (2018) Renewable Energy Storage and Its Application for Desalination. Energy Sustainability in Built and Urban Environments: 313–329. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-3284-5_14.
dc.identifier.issn2522-8366
dc.identifier.issn2522-8374
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/978-981-13-3284-5_14
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/629899
dc.description.abstractThe economic development has serious impact on the nexus between water, energy, and environment. This impact is even more severe in Non-Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (non-OECD) countries due to improper resource management. It is predicted that energy demand will increase by more than 71% in non-OECD as compared to 18% in developed countries by 2040. In Gulf Cooperation Council countries, water and power sector consume almost half of primary energy produced. In the past, many studies were focused on renewable energies based on desalination processes to accommodate fivefold increase in demand by 2050 but they were not commercialized due to intermittent nature of renewable energy such as solar and wind. We proposed highly efficient energy storage material, magnesium oxide (MgO), system integrated with innovative hybrid desalination cycle for future sustainable water supplies. The condensation of Mg(OH)2 dehydration vapor during day operation with concentrated solar energy and exothermic hydration of MgO at night can produce 24 h thermal energy without any interruption. It was showed that Mg(OH)2 dehydration vapor condensation produces 120 °C and MgO hydration exothermic reaction produces 140 °C heat during day and night operation, respectively, corresponding to energy storage of 81 kJ/mol and 41 kJ/mol. The produced energy can be utilized to operate desalination cycle to reduce CO2 emission and to achieve COP21 goal. The proposed hybrid desalination cycle is successfully demonstrated by pilot experiments at KAUST. It was showed that MgO + MEDAD cycle can achieve performance over UPR = 200, one of the highest reported ever.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.urlhttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-981-13-3284-5_14
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Energy Sustainability in Built and Urban Environments
dc.subjectThermal desalination
dc.subjectAdsorption cycle
dc.subjectHybrid cycle
dc.subjectRenewable energy
dc.subjectSolar energy
dc.subjectEnergy storage material
dc.titleRenewable Energy Storage and Its Application for Desalination
dc.typeBook Chapter
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.identifier.journalEnergy Sustainability in Built and Urban Environments
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
kaust.personShahzad, Muhammad Wakil
kaust.personBurhan, Muhammad
kaust.personNg, Kim Choon
refterms.dateFOA2018-11-19T06:40:00Z
dc.date.published-online2018-11-10
dc.date.published-print2019


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