Creation of a thermally assisted skyrmion lattice in Pt/Co/Ta multilayer films
KAUST DepartmentMaterial Science and Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
KAUST Grant NumberOSR-2016-CRG5-2977
Online Publication Date2018-11-06
Print Publication Date2018-11-05
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/629854
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AbstractNéel-type magnetic skyrmions in multilayer films have recently attracted significant attention due to their stability at room temperature and low threshold for current-driven motion, offering the potential for the construction of high-speed and high-density spintronic devices. However, to date, research studies reported in the literature have rarely examined the effect of temperature on the formation and behavior of Néel-type skyrmions. Here, we investigate the effect of the temperature on the creation of a skyrmion lattice in [Pt/Co/Ta]10 multilayer samples, using in-situ Lorentz transmission electron microscopy. By imaging the magnetization reversal process from a positive (negative) to a negative (positive) saturation, we find that the skyrmions can be created by nucleation from a ferromagnetic state and by breaking the labyrinth domains under certain external fields. More importantly, we demonstrate that the density of skyrmions in the multilayers not only depend on the external magnetic field, but also depend on the temperature and the thermal history of the materials.
CitationZhang S, Zhang J, Wen Y, Chudnovsky EM, Zhang X (2018) Creation of a thermally assisted skyrmion lattice in Pt/Co/Ta multilayer films. Applied Physics Letters 113: 192403. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5053983.
SponsorsThis publication is based on research supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) and under the Award No. OSR-2016-CRG5-2977.
JournalApplied Physics Letters