Electrotrophic activity and electrosynthetic acetate production by Desulfobacterium autotrophicum HRM2
KAUST Grant NumberKUS-I1-003-13
Online Publication Date2018-05-04
Print Publication Date2018-10
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/629769
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AbstractElectroautotrophic microorganisms accept electrons from a cathode as source of reducing equivalents to drive CO2 fixation by poorly understood mechanisms. Acetogenic bacteria were the first group found to possess the capability for electroautotrophic metabolism in pure culture with associated electrosynthesis of acetate as primary metabolite. Identification of additional electrotrophic species can contribute to our understanding of this unusual form of metabolism. Here, bioelectrochemical techniques, chemical analysis and microscopy were used to determine electrotrophic metabolism of Desulfobacterium autotrophicum HRM2. Chronoamperometry showed increasing current uptake over 21 days of incubation in duplicate bioelectrochemical system sets. Linear sweep voltammetry indicated peak current uptake at −243 mV. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis quantified acetate accumulation in anaerobic minimal media containing inorganic carbon as sole carbon source, consistent with electrosynthesis. Scanning electron microscopy and live/dead staining by epifluorescence microscopy analysis indicated viable 1–2 μm cells after 76 days of cultivation under electroautotrophic conditions. The genome of Db. autotrophicum HRM2 is fully sequenced and, thus, could provide insight into the biochemical and physiological mechanisms by which electrotrophic cells utilize cathode-derived electrons. This research expands the diversity of facultative autotrophs capable of electrotrophic metabolism to include the sulfate-reducing marine bacterium Db. autotrophicum HRM2.
CitationZaybak Z, Logan BE, Pisciotta JM (2018) Electrotrophic activity and electrosynthetic acetate production by Desulfobacterium autotrophicum HRM2. Bioelectrochemistry 123: 150–155. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2018.04.019.
SponsorsThe authors would like to thank John Cantolina in the Penn State Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences for his assistance with SEM imaging. This research was funded by an award from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KUS-I1-003-13).