Leading edge dynamics of lean premixed flames stabilized on a bluff body
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AbstractThis paper examines the dynamics of the flame leading edge in a laminar premixed CH4/air flame stabilized on a bluff body in a channel. Harmonic fluctuations and step velocity change are used to simulate the flame response to acoustic oscillations, which are of primary importance in the study of thermo-acoustic instabilities. We use a fully resolved unsteady two-dimensional code with detailed chemistry and species transport, with coupled heat transfer to the bluff body. Calculations were conducted with different equivalence ratios, body materials, and steady state inlet velocity with step or harmonic perturbations. Results reveal that the flame leading edge dynamics displays a peak response around St = 0.5 suggesting that the leading edge motion is mainly due to the advection of appropriate ignition conditions as a result of the excitement of the wake recirculating flow. There is considerable augmentation of the flame wrinkles generated by the flame leading edge motion as result of the flow–flame interaction. Additionally, we show that a flame that anchors on average further upstream leads to stronger damping of the shear layer vortices and thus weaker vortex-flame interaction and heat release fluctuations. Hence, we identify two different mechanisms by which the flame leading edge location and oscillation amplitude impact heat release fluctuations. The study suggests a stronger dependence of the overall flame wrinkling and heat release fluctuations on the flame leading edge dynamics than recognized previously and the potential role it plays in combustion dynamics.
CitationMichaels D, Ghoniem AF (2018) Leading edge dynamics of lean premixed flames stabilized on a bluff body. Combustion and Flame 191: 39–52. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.12.020.
SponsorsThis work was partly supported by a MIT-Technion fellowship and partly by KAUST.
JournalCombustion and Flame
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
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On the statistics of flame stretch in turbulent premixed jet flames in the thin reaction zone regime at varying Reynolds numberLuca, Stefano; Attili, Antonio; Lo Schiavo, Ermanno; Creta, Francesco; Bisetti, Fabrizio (Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Elsevier BV, 2018-07-21) [Article]Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) are conducted to study the statistics of flame surface stretch in turbulent jet premixed flames. Emphasis is placed on the rates of surface production and destruction and their scaling with the Reynolds number. Four lean methane/air turbulent slot jet flames are simulated at increasing Reynolds number and up to Re ≈ 22 × 103, based on the bulk velocity, slot width, and the reactants’ properties. The Karlovitz number is held approximately constant and the flames fall in the thin reaction zone regime. The simulations feature finite rate chemistry and mixture-average transport. Our data indicate that the area of the flame surface increases up to the streamwise position corresponding to 80% of the average flame length and decreases afterwards as surface destruction overtakes production. It is observed that the tangential rate of strain is responsible for the production of flame surface in the mean and surface destruction is due to the curvature term. In addition, it is found that these two terms are both significantly larger than their difference, i.e., the net surface stretch.The statistics of the tangential strain rate are in good agreement with those for infinitesimal material surfaces in homogeneous isotropic turbulence. Once scaled by the Kolmogorov time scale, the means of both contributions to stretch are largely independent of location and equal across flames with different values of the Reynolds number. Surface destruction is due mostly to propagation into the reactants where the surface is folded into a cylindrical shape with the center of curvature on the side of the reactants. The joint statistics of the displacement speed and curvature of the reactive surface are nuanced, with the most probable occurrence being that of a negative displacement speed of a flat surface, while the surface averaged displacement speed is positive as expected.
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