Leading edge dynamics of lean premixed flames stabilized on a bluff body
Online Publication Date2018-02-03
Print Publication Date2018-05
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/629736
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AbstractThis paper examines the dynamics of the flame leading edge in a laminar premixed CH4/air flame stabilized on a bluff body in a channel. Harmonic fluctuations and step velocity change are used to simulate the flame response to acoustic oscillations, which are of primary importance in the study of thermo-acoustic instabilities. We use a fully resolved unsteady two-dimensional code with detailed chemistry and species transport, with coupled heat transfer to the bluff body. Calculations were conducted with different equivalence ratios, body materials, and steady state inlet velocity with step or harmonic perturbations. Results reveal that the flame leading edge dynamics displays a peak response around St = 0.5 suggesting that the leading edge motion is mainly due to the advection of appropriate ignition conditions as a result of the excitement of the wake recirculating flow. There is considerable augmentation of the flame wrinkles generated by the flame leading edge motion as result of the flow–flame interaction. Additionally, we show that a flame that anchors on average further upstream leads to stronger damping of the shear layer vortices and thus weaker vortex-flame interaction and heat release fluctuations. Hence, we identify two different mechanisms by which the flame leading edge location and oscillation amplitude impact heat release fluctuations. The study suggests a stronger dependence of the overall flame wrinkling and heat release fluctuations on the flame leading edge dynamics than recognized previously and the potential role it plays in combustion dynamics.
CitationMichaels D, Ghoniem AF (2018) Leading edge dynamics of lean premixed flames stabilized on a bluff body. Combustion and Flame 191: 39–52. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.12.020.
SponsorsThis work was partly supported by a MIT-Technion fellowship and partly by KAUST.
JournalCombustion and Flame
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
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Impact of the bluff-body material on the flame leading edge structure and flame-flow interaction of premixed CH4/air flamesMichaels, Dan; GHONIEM, AHMED F. (COMBUSTION AND FLAME, ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2016-07-25) [Article]In this paper we investigate the interaction between the flame structure, the flow field and the coupled heat transfer with the flame holder of a laminar lean premixed CH4/air flame stabilized on a heat conducting bluff body in a channel. The study is conducted with a 2-D direct numerical simulation with detailed chemistry and species transport and with no artificial flame anchoring boundary conditions. Capturing the multiple time scales, length scales and flame-wall thermal interaction was done using a low Mach number operator-split projection algorithm, coupled with a block-structured adaptive mesh refinement and an immersed boundary method for the solid body. The flame structure displays profiles of the main species and atomic ratios similar to previously published experimental measurements on an annular bluff body configuration for both laminar and turbulent flow, demonstrating generality of the resolved flame leading edge structure for flames that stabilize on a sudden expansion. The flame structure near the bluff body and further downstream shows dependence on the thermal properties of the bluff body. We analyze the influence of flow strain and heat losses on the flame, and show that the flame stretch increases sharply at the flame leading edge, and this high stretch rate, together with heat losses, dictate the flame anchoring location. By analyzing the impact of the flame on the flow field we reveal that the strong dependence of vorticity dilatation on the flame location leads to high impact of the flame anchoring location on the flow and flame stretch downstream. This study sheds light on the impact of heat losses to the flame holder on the flame–flow feedback mechanism in lean premixed flames.