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dc.contributor.authorTroyer, Emily
dc.contributor.authorCoker, Darren James
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-03T13:25:22Z
dc.date.available2018-09-03T13:25:22Z
dc.date.issued2018-06-18
dc.identifier.citationTroyer EM, Coker DJ, Berumen ML (2018) Comparison of cryptobenthic reef fish communities among microhabitats in the Red Sea. PeerJ 6: e5014. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5014.
dc.identifier.issn2167-8359
dc.identifier.doi10.7717/peerj.5014
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/628459
dc.description.abstractKnowledge of community structure within an ecosystem is essential when trying to understand the function and importance of the system and when making related management decisions. Within the larger ecosystem, microhabitats play an important role by providing inhabitants with a subset of available resources. On coral reefs, cryptobenthic fishes encompass many groups and make up an important proportion of the biodiversity. However, these fishes are relatively small, exhibit extreme visual or behavioral camouflage, and, therefore, are often overlooked. We examined the differences in fish community structure between three common reef microhabitats (live hard coral, dead coral rubble, and sand) using ichthyocide stations in the central Red Sea. Using a combination of morphological and genetic (cytochrome oxidase I (COI) barcoding) techniques, we identified 326 individuals representing 73 species spread across 17 families, from fifteen 1 m quadrats. Fish assemblages in the three microhabitats were significantly different from each other. Rubble microhabitats yielded the highest levels of fish abundance, richness, and diversity, followed by hard coral, and then sand. The results show that benthic composition, even at a small scale, influences cryptobenthic communities. This study also provides new COI sequence data to public databases, in order to further the research of cryptobenthic fishes in the Red Sea region.
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding: This project was funded by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (baseline research funds to Michael L. Berumen). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank Michael Campbell for his mapmaking expertise, as well as Calder Atta, Royale Hardenstine, Alison Monroe, Tullia Terraneo, Matthew Tietbohl, and Sara Wilson for their assistance in the field. We are also grateful to Calder Atta, Simon Brandl, and Luke Tornabene for their help in identifying several fish species. Fieldwork was supported by the KAUST Coastal and Marine Resources Core Laboratory. Feedback from Christopher Goatley and Luke Tornabene greatly improved the manuscript.
dc.publisherPeerJ
dc.relation.urlhttps://peerj.com/articles/5014/
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectBiodiversity
dc.subjectCryptobenthic fish
dc.subjectDNA barcoding
dc.subjectEcology
dc.subjectGobiidae
dc.subjectMicrohabitat
dc.subjectRed Sea
dc.titleComparison of cryptobenthic reef fish communities among microhabitats in the Red Sea
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalPeerJ
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
kaust.personTroyer, Emily
kaust.personCoker, Darren James
kaust.personBerumen, Michael L.
refterms.dateFOA2018-09-04T14:10:32Z


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This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.