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dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Bernardo
dc.contributor.authorMartins, Irene
dc.contributor.authorRosa, Rui
dc.contributor.authorMatos, Ana R.
dc.contributor.authorRoleda, Michael Y.
dc.contributor.authorReusch, Thorsten B. H.
dc.contributor.authorEngelen, Aschwin H.
dc.contributor.authorSerrão, Ester A.
dc.contributor.authorPearson, Gareth A.
dc.contributor.authorMarques, João C.
dc.contributor.authorCaçador, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.contributor.authorJueterbock, Alexander
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-03T13:21:53Z
dc.date.available2018-09-03T13:21:53Z
dc.date.issued2018-06-04
dc.identifier.citationDuarte B, Martins I, Rosa R, Matos AR, Roleda MY, et al. (2018) Climate Change Impacts on Seagrass Meadows and Macroalgal Forests: An Integrative Perspective on Acclimation and Adaptation Potential. Frontiers in Marine Science 5. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00190.
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2018.00190
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/628412
dc.description.abstractMarine macrophytes are the foundation of algal forests and seagrass meadows-some of the most productive and diverse coastal marine ecosystems on the planet. These ecosystems provide nursery grounds and food for fish and invertebrates, coastline protection from erosion, carbon sequestration, and nutrient fixation. For marine macrophytes, temperature is generally the most important range limiting factor, and ocean warming is considered the most severe threat among global climate change factors. Ocean warming induced losses of dominant macrophytes along their equatorial range edges, as well as range extensions into polar regions, are predicted and already documented. While adaptive evolution based on genetic change is considered too slow to keep pace with the increasing rate of anthropogenic environmental changes, rapid adaptation may come about through a set of non-genetic mechanisms involving the functional composition of the associated microbiome, as well as epigenetic modification of the genome and its regulatory effect on gene expression and the activity of transposable elements. While research in terrestrial plants demonstrates that the integration of non-genetic mechanisms provide a more holistic picture of a species' evolutionary potential, research in marine systems is lagging behind. Here, we aim to review the potential of marine macrophytes to acclimatize and adapt to major climate change effects via intraspecific variation at the genetic, epigenetic, and microbiome levels. All three levels create phenotypic variation that may either enhance fitness within individuals (plasticity) or be subject to selection and ultimately, adaptation. We review three of the most important phenotypic variations in a climate change context, including physiological variation, variation in propagation success, and in herbivore resistance. Integrating different levels of plasticity, and adaptability into ecological models will allow to obtain a more holistic understanding of trait variation and a realistic assessment of the future performance and distribution of marine macrophytes. Such multi-disciplinary approach that integrates various levels of intraspecific variation, and their effect on phenotypic and physiological variation, is of crucial importance for the effective management and conservation of seagrasses and macroalgae under climate change.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to thank to the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT) for funding the research in the Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre (MARE) throughout the project UID/MAR/04292/2013, the Biosystems and Integrative Sciences Institute (BioISI) throughout the project UID/MULTI/04046/2013, the Centre of Marine Sciences (CCMAR) throughout the project UID/Multi/04326/2013 and the Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research (CIIMAR) throughout the project UID/Multi/04423/2013. BD investigation was supported by FCT throughout a Postdoctoral grant (SFRH/BPD/115162/2016). ES and GP thank the Pew Foundation (USA), the Portuguese FCT through MARFOR (Biodiversa/0004/2015) and a postdoctoral fellowship (SFRH/PBD/107878/2015) to AE. AJ is supported by the Norwegian Research Council (Havkyst project 243916). IM is partially supported by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), in the framework of the program PT2020. The authors would also like to thank to the Mar 2020 program through the VALPRAD project (16-01-04-FMP-0007). We acknowledge the two reviewers for their comments and suggestions that helped to improve the structure and quality of this review.
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2018.00190/full
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectEarly life stages
dc.subjectEpigenetics
dc.subjectGlobal climate change
dc.subjectKelp forests
dc.subjectMicrobiome
dc.subjectModeling
dc.subjectPhysiology
dc.subjectSeagrasses
dc.titleClimate Change Impacts on Seagrass Meadows and Macroalgal Forests: An Integrative Perspective on Acclimation and Adaptation Potential
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Marine Science
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionMarine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon, Lisbon, , , Portugal
dc.contributor.institutionInterdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research of the University of Porto, Matosinhos, , , Portugal
dc.contributor.institutionGuia Marine Laboratory, Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Cascais, , Portugal
dc.contributor.institutionPlant Functional Genomics Group, Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Biosystems and Integrative Sciences Institute, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, , , Portugal
dc.contributor.institutionNorwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, Bodø, , Norway
dc.contributor.institutionEvolutionary Ecology of Marine Fishes, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, , Germany
dc.contributor.institutionCIMAR-Associated Laboratory, Centre of Marine Sciences of the University of Algarve, University of Algarve, Faro, , Portugal
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, , , , Portugal
dc.contributor.institutionMolecular Ecology Group, Faculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture, Nord University, Bodø, , Norway
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
refterms.dateFOA2018-09-10T09:02:22Z


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.