Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) production in an integrated electromicrobial setup: Investigation under stress-inducing conditions
AuthorsAl Rowaihi, Israa
Grötzinger, Stefan Wolfgang
KAUST DepartmentBiological & Organometallic Catalysis Laboratories
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Catalysis for Energy Conversion (CatEC)
Chemical Science Program
KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)
Office of the VP
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/627694
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AbstractPoly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB), a biodegradable polymer, can be produced by different microorganisms. The PHB belongs to the family of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) that mostly accumulates as a granule in the cytoplasm of microorganisms to store carbon and energy. In this study, we established an integrated one-pot electromicrobial setup in which carbon dioxide is reduced to formate electrochemically, followed by sequential microbial conversion into PHB, using the two model strains, Methylobacterium extorquens AM1 and Cupriavidus necator H16. This setup allows to investigate the influence of different stress conditions, such as coexisting electrolysis, relatively high salinity, nutrient limitation, and starvation, on the production of PHB. The overall PHB production efficiency was analyzed in reasonably short reaction cycles typically as short as 8 h. As a result, the PHB formation was detected with C. necator H16 as a biocatalyst only when the electrolysis was operated in the same solution. The specificity of the source of PHB production is discussed, such as salinity, electricity, concurrent hydrogen production, and the possible involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS).
CitationAl Rowaihi IS, Paillier A, Rasul S, Karan R, Grötzinger SW, et al. (2018) Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) production in an integrated electromicrobial setup: Investigation under stress-inducing conditions. PLOS ONE 13: e0196079. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196079.
SponsorsThe research reported in this publication was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
PublisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
CollectionsArticles; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Bioscience Program; Bioscience Program; Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division; Chemical Science Program; KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC); KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC); Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
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