Microplastic in the gastrointestinal tract of fishes along the Saudi Arabian Red Sea coast
AuthorsBaalkhuyur, Fadiyah M.
Bin Dohaish, El-Jawaher A.
Elhalwagy, Manal E.A.
Mannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeel
Al-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.
Coker, Darren James
Berumen, Michael L.
Duarte, Carlos M.
KAUST DepartmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Marine Science Program
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Beacon Development Company, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
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AbstractThis study assesses the presence of microplastic litter in the contents of the gastrointestinal tract of 26 commercial and non-commercial fish species from four difference habitats sampled along the Saudi Arabian coast of the Red Sea. A total of 178 individual were examined for microplastics. In total, 26 microplastic fragments were found. Of these, 16 being films (61.5%) and 10 being fishing thread (38.5%). FTIR analysis revealed that the most abundant polymers were polypropylene and polyethylene. The grouper (Epinephelus spp.) sampled at Jazan registered the highest number of ingested microplastics. This fish species is benthic and feeds on benthic invertebrates. Although differences in the abundance of microplastic ingestion among species were not statistically significant, a significant change was observed when the level of ingestion of microplastics particles was compared among the habitats. The higher abundance of microplastics particles may be related to the habitats of fish and the presence of microplastics debris near the seabed. The results of this study represent a first evidence that microplastic pollution represents an emerging threat to Red Sea fishes, their food web and human consumers.
CitationBaalkhuyur FM, Bin Dohaish E-JA, Elhalwagy MEA, Alikunhi NM, AlSuwailem AM, et al. (2018) Microplastic in the gastrointestinal tract of fishes along the Saudi Arabian Red Sea coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin 131: 407–415. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.040.
SponsorsThis work was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through baseline funding to C.M. Duarte. We thank Elisa Marti and Cecilia Martin for all their help and support, and Omar El Tall for his assistance with FTIR and technical support.
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin