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dc.contributor.authorJohansen, Kasper
dc.contributor.authorRaharjo, Tri
dc.contributor.authorMcCabe, Matthew
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-24T06:46:19Z
dc.date.available2018-04-24T06:46:19Z
dc.date.issued2018-04-18
dc.identifier.citationJohansen K, Raharjo T, McCabe MF (2018) Using Multi-Spectral UAV Imagery to Extract Tree Crop Structural Properties and Assess Pruning Effects. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.20944/preprints201804.0198.v1.
dc.identifier.doi10.20944/preprints201804.0198.v1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/627613.1
dc.description.abstractUnmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) provide an unprecedented capacity to monitor the development and dynamics of tree growth and structure through time. It is generally thought that the pruning of tree crops encourages new growth, has a positive effect on fruiting, makes fruit-picking easier, and may increase yield, as it increases light interception and tree crown surface area. To establish the response of pruning in an orchard of lychee trees, an assessment of changes in tree structure, i.e. tree crown perimeter, width, height, area and Plant Projective Cover (PPC), was undertaken using multi-spectral UAV imagery collected before and after a pruning event. While tree crown perimeter, width and area could be derived directly from the delineated tree crowns, height was estimated from a produced canopy height model and PPC was most accurately predicted based on the NIR band. Pre- and post-pruning results showed significant differences in all measured tree structural parameters, including an average decrease in tree crown perimeter of 1.94 m, tree crown width of 0.57 m, tree crown height of 0.62 m, tree crown area of 3.5 m2, and PPC of 14.8%. In order to provide guidance on data collection protocols for orchard management, the impact of flying height variations was also examined, offering some insight into the influence of scale and the scalability of this UAV based approach for larger orchards. The different flying heights (i.e. 30, 50 and 70 m) produced similar measurements of tree crown width and PPC, while tree crown perimeter, area and height measurements decreased with increasing flying height. Overall, these results illustrate that routine collection of multi-spectral UAV imagery can provide a means of assessing pruning effects on changes in tree structure in commercial orchards, and highlight the importance of collecting imagery with consistent flight configurations, as varying flying heights may cause changes to tree structural measurements.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the SPIRIT BAPPENAS-World Bank under Loan Agreement (IBRD No. 8010-IND). Thanks to Paul Thorne, the lychee grower and owner of the lychee plantation, for help in the field and for allowing us access to the study site. We would like to acknowledge the Remote Sensing Research Centre in the School of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia for use of software facilities. Matthew McCabe was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.preprints.org/manuscript/201804.0198/v1
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectUAV
dc.subjectmulti-spectral
dc.subjectlychee
dc.subjectpruning
dc.subjecttree crop structure
dc.subjectchange detection
dc.titleUsing Multi-Spectral UAV Imagery to Extract Tree Crop Structural Properties and Assess Pruning Effects
dc.typeWorking Paper
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.eprint.versionPre-print
dc.contributor.institutionMinistry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning, National Land Agency, Jalan H. Agus Salim 58, Jakarta Pusat 10350, Indonesia
kaust.personJohansen, Kasper
kaust.personMcCabe, Matthew
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-14T05:55:28Z


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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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