Micro-mechanical resonators for dynamically reconfigurable reduced voltage logic gates
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AbstractDue to the limitations of transistor-based logic devices such as their poor performance at elevated temperature, alternative computing methods are being actively investigated. In this work, we present electromechanical logic gates using electrostatically coupled in-plane micro-cantilever resonators operated at modest vacuum conditions of 5 Torr. Operating in the first resonant mode, we demonstrate 2-bit XOR, 2- and 3-bit AND, 2- and 3-bit NOR, and 1-bit NOT gates; all condensed in the same device. Through the designed electrostatic coupling, the required voltage for the logic gates is reduced by 80%, along with the reduction in the number of electrical interconnects and devices per logic operation (contrary to transistors). The device is dynamically reconfigurable between any logic gates in real time without the need for any change in the electrical interconnects and the drive circuit. By operating in the first two resonant vibration modes, we demonstrate mechanical logic gates consisting of two 2-bit AND and two 2-bit XOR gates. The device is tested at elevated temperatures and is shown to be functional as a logic gate up to 150 °C. Also, the device has high reliability with demonstrated lifetime greater than 5 × 10 oscillations.
CitationChappanda KN, Ilyas S, Younis MI (2018) Micro-mechanical resonators for dynamically reconfigurable reduced voltage logic gates. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 28: 055009. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6439/aaafe5.
SponsorsThis work has been supported through King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) research funds. We would like to thank Professor Pedro da Costa for the help with the experimental test setup and Manya Chappanda for her help with coloring the SEM image.