Qademah Fault Project

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  • Dataset

    Qademah Fault Seismic Data Set - Northern Part

    (KAUST Research Repository, 2015-01) Hanafy, Sherif M.; Lu, Kai; Hota, Mrinal Kanti; Guo, Bowen; Tarhini, Ahmad; Center for Subsurface Imaging and Fluid Modeling; Center for Subsurface Imaging and Fluid Modeling (CSIM); Earth Science and Engineering Program; Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division

    Objective: Is the Qademah fault that was detected in 2010 the main fault? We collected a long 2D profile, 526 m, where the fault that was detected in 2010 is at around 300 m.

    Layout: We collected 264 CSGs, each has 264 receivers. The shot and receiver interval is 2 m. We also collected an extra 48 CSGs with offset = 528 to 622 m with shot interval = 2 m. The receivers are the same as the main survey.

  • Dataset

    Qademah Fault Passive Data

    (KAUST Research Repository, 2014) Hanafy, Sherif M.; Lu, Kai; Hota, Mrinal Kanti; Guo, Bowen; Tarhini, Ahmad; Center for Subsurface Imaging and Fluid Modeling; Center for Subsurface Imaging and Fluid Modeling (CSIM); Earth Science and Engineering Program; Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division

    OBJECTIVE:

    In this field trip we collect passive data to

    1.  Convert passive to surface waves
      
    2.  Locate Qademah fault using surface wave migration
      

    INTRODUCTION:

    In this field trip we collected passive data for several days. This data will be used to find the surface waves using interferometry and then compared to active-source seismic data collected at the same location.

    A total of 288 receivers are used. A 3D layout with 5 m inline intervals and 10 m cross line intervals is used, where we used 12 lines with 24 receivers at each line.

    You will need to download the file (rec_times.mat), it contains important information about

    1.  Field record no
      
    2.  Record day
      
    3.  Record month
      
    4.  Record hour
      
    5.  Record minute
      
    6.  Record second
      
    7.  Record length
      

    P.S. 1. All files are converted from original format (SEG-2) to matlab format

    P.S. 2. Overlaps between records (10 to 1.5 sec.) are already removed from these files

  • Dataset

    Qademah Fault Artificial Ambient Noise Test

    (KAUST Research Repository, 2014) Hanafy, Sherif M.; AlTheyab, Abdullah; Center for Subsurface Imaging and Fluid Modeling; Center for Subsurface Imaging and Fluid Modeling (CSIM); Earth Science and Engineering Program; Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division

    This data set was collected on 7 Dec. 2014 by Sherif and Abdullah. The receiver layout is the same as that of the passive data test at the same location, which is described as follow:

    288 receivers are used and arranged as follow

    • 12 lines, cross-line offset = 10 m

    • 24 receiver in each line, inline offset = 5 m

    • Additional 24 receivers are placed at line # 6, where the receiver interval is decreased to 2.5 m.

    Data Recording:

    We start recording at 10:10 am and stop recording at 11:25 am.

    Each record has total of 20 s, with time interval of 0.004 ms and around 2 s overlap between each two successive files.

    Source:

    We used a piece of wood attached to a pick-up truck to create the noise; we drove around the array of receivers in a rectangle-shape route during the recording time.

  • Dataset

    Qademah Fault 3D Survey

    (KAUST Research Repository, 2014) Hanafy, Sherif M.; Lu, Kai; Hota, Mrinal Kanti; Guo, Bowen; Tarhini, Ahmad; Center for Subsurface Imaging and Fluid Modeling; Center for Subsurface Imaging and Fluid Modeling (CSIM); Earth Science and Engineering Program; Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division

    Objective:

    Collect 3D seismic data at Qademah Fault location to

    1. 3D traveltime tomography
    2. 3D surface wave migration
    3. 3D phase velocity
    4. Possible reflection processing

    Acquisition Date: 26 – 28 September 2014

    Acquisition Team: Sherif, Kai, Mrinal, Bowen, Ahmed

    Acquisition Layout: We used 288 receiver arranged in 12 parallel lines, each line has 24 receiver. Inline offset is 5 m and crossline offset is 10 m. One shot is fired at each receiver location. We use the 40 kgm weight drop as seismic source, with 8 to 15 stacks at each shot location.

  • Article

    Skeletonized inversion of surface wave: Active source versus controlled noise comparison

    (Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 2016-07-14) Li, Jing; Hanafy, Sherif; Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division

    We have developed a skeletonized inversion method that inverts the S-wave velocity distribution from surface-wave dispersion curves. Instead of attempting to fit every wiggle in the surface waves with predicted data, it only inverts the picked dispersion curve, thereby mitigating the problem of getting stuck in a local minimum. We have applied this method to a synthetic model and seismic field data from Qademah fault, located at the western side of Saudi Arabia. For comparison, we have performed dispersion analysis for an active and controlled noise source seismic data that had some receivers in common with the passive array. The active and passive data show good agreement in the dispersive characteristics. Our results demonstrated that skeletonized inversion can obtain reliable 1D and 2D S-wave velocity models for our geologic setting. A limitation is that we need to build layered initial model to calculate the Jacobian matrix, which is time consuming.