Ignition delay measurements of light naphtha: A fully blended low octane fuel
Nasir, Ehson Fawad
KAUST DepartmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Mechanical Engineering Program
Clean Combustion Research Center
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AbstractLight naphtha is a fully blended, low-octane (RON. = 64.5, MON. = 63.5), highly paraffinic (>. 90% paraffinic content) fuel, and is one of the first distillates obtained during the crude oil refining process. Light naphtha is an attractive low-cost fuel candidate for advanced low-temperature compression ignition engines where autoignition is the primary control mechanism. We measured ignition delay times for light naphtha in a shock tube and a rapid compression machine (RCM) over a broad range of temperatures (640-1250. K), pressures (20 and 40. bar) and equivalence ratios (0.5, 1 and 2). Ignition delay times were modeled using a two-component primary reference fuel (PRF) surrogate and a multi-component surrogate. Both surrogates adequately captured the measured ignition delay times of light naphtha under shock tube conditions. However, for low-temperature RCM conditions, simulations with the multi-component surrogate showed better agreement with experimental data. These simulated surrogate trends were confirmed by measuring the ignition delay times of the PRF and multi-component surrogates in the RCM at . P = 20. bar, . ϕ = 2. Detailed kinetic analyses were undertaken to ascertain the dependence of the surrogates' reactivity on their chemical composition. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first fundamental autoignition study on the reactivity of a low-octane fully blended fuel and the use of a suitably formulated multi-component surrogate to model its behavior.
CitationJaved T, Nasir EF, Ahmed A, Badra J, Djebbi K, et al. (2017) Ignition delay measurements of light naphtha: A fully blended low octane fuel. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 36: 315–322. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2016.05.043.
SponsorsThe research reported in this work was supported by Saudi Aramco under the FUELCOM program and by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).