- The brassinosteroid receptor BRI1 can generate cGMP enabling cGMP-dependent downstream signaling.
- Authors: Wheeler JI, Wong A, Marondedze C, Groen AJ, Kwezi L, Freihat L, Vyas J, Raji MA, Irving HR, Gehring C
- Issue date: 2017 Aug
- The phytosulfokine (PSK) receptor is capable of guanylate cyclase activity and enabling cyclic GMP-dependent signaling in plants.
- Authors: Kwezi L, Ruzvidzo O, Wheeler JI, Govender K, Iacuone S, Thompson PE, Gehring C, Irving HR
- Issue date: 2011 Jun 24
- Calcium is the switch in the moonlighting dual function of the ligand-activated receptor kinase phytosulfokine receptor 1.
- Authors: Muleya V, Wheeler JI, Ruzvidzo O, Freihat L, Manallack DT, Gehring C, Irving HR
- Issue date: 2014 Sep 23
- Phosphorylation of the dimeric cytoplasmic domain of the phytosulfokine receptor, PSKR1.
- Authors: Muleya V, Marondedze C, Wheeler JI, Thomas L, Mok YF, Griffin MD, Manallack DT, Kwezi L, Lilley KS, Gehring C, Irving HR
- Issue date: 2016 Oct 1
- Moonlighting kinases with guanylate cyclase activity can tune regulatory signal networks.
- Authors: Irving HR, Kwezi L, Wheeler J, Gehring C
- Issue date: 2012 Feb
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Calcium is the switch in the moonlighting dual function of the ligand-activated receptor kinase phytosulfokine receptor 1Muleya, Victor; Wheeler, Janet I; Ruzvidzo, Oziniel; Freihat, Lubna; Manallack, David T; Gehring, Christoph A; Irving, Helen R (Cell Communication and Signaling, Springer Nature, 2014-09-23) [Article]Background: A number of receptor kinases contain guanylate cyclase (GC) catalytic centres encapsulated in the cytosolic kinase domain. A prototypical example is the phytosulfokine receptor 1 (PSKR1) that is involved in regulating growth responses in plants. PSKR1 contains both kinase and GC activities however the underlying mechanisms regulating the dual functions have remained elusive. Findings: Here, we confirm the dual activity of the cytoplasmic domain of the PSKR1 receptor. We show that mutations within the guanylate cyclase centre modulate the GC activity while not affecting the kinase catalytic activity. Using physiologically relevant Ca2+ levels, we demonstrate that its GC activity is enhanced over two-fold by Ca2+ in a concentration-dependent manner. Conversely, increasing Ca2+ levels inhibits kinase activity up to 500-fold at 100 nM Ca2+. Conclusions: Changes in calcium at physiological levels can regulate the kinase and GC activities of PSKR1. We therefore propose a functional model of how calcium acts as a bimodal switch between kinase and GC activity in PSKR1 that could be relevant to other members of this novel class of ligand-activated receptor kinases.
The non-receptor tyrosine kinase Pyk2 modulates acute locomotor effects of cocaine in D1 receptor-expressing neurons of the nucleus accumbensde Pins, Benoit; Montalban, Enrica; Vanhoutte, Peter; Giralt, Albert; Girault, Jean Antoine (Scientific Reports, Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-04-20) [Article]The striatum is critical for cocaine-induced locomotor responses. Although the role of D1 receptor-expressing neurons is established, underlying molecular pathways are not fully understood. We studied the role of Pyk2, a non-receptor, calcium-dependent protein-tyrosine kinase. The locomotor coordination and basal activity of Pyk2 knock-out mice were not altered and major striatal protein markers were normal. Cocaine injection increased Pyk2 tyrosine phosphorylation in mouse striatum. Pyk2-deficient mice displayed decreased locomotor response to acute cocaine injection. In contrast, locomotor sensitization and conditioned place preference were normal. Cocaine-activated ERK phosphorylation, a signaling pathway essential for these late responses, was unaltered. Conditional deletion of Pyk2 in the nucleus accumbens or in D1 neurons reproduced decreased locomotor response to cocaine, whereas deletion of Pyk2 in the dorsal striatum or in A2A receptor-expressing neurons did not. In mice lacking Pyk2 in D1-neurons locomotor response to D1 agonist SKF-81297, but not to an anticholinergic drug, was blunted. Our results identify Pyk2 as a regulator of acute locomotor responses to psychostimulants. They highlight the role of tyrosine phosphorylation pathways in striatal neurons and suggest that changes in Pyk2 expression or activation may alter specific responses to drugs of abuse, or possibly other behavioral responses linked to dopamine action.
Spatio-temporal Characterization of Ligand-Receptor Interactions in Blood Stem-Cell RollingAl Alwan, Bader; AbuZineh, Karmen; Merzaban, Jasmeen; Habuchi, Satoshi (2017-08-16) [Poster]One of the most important issues in the research on hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) is to understand the mechanism of the homing process of these cells to the bone marrow after being transplanted into patients and establish the production of various blood cell types. The HSPCs first come in contact with the endothelial cells. This contact is known as adhesion and occurs through a multi-step paradigm ending with transmigration to the bone marrow niche. The initial step of the homing, tethering and rolling of HSPCs is mediated by P- and E-Selectins expressed on the endothelial cell surface through their interactions with the ligands expressed by HSPCs. Here we developed a novel experimental method to unravel the molecular mechanisms of the selectin-ligands interactions in vitro at the single molecule level by combining microfluidics and single-molecule fluorescence imaging. Our method enables direct visualization of the nanoscale spatiotemporal dynamics of the E-selectin-ligand (PSGL-1) interactions under conditions of shear stress acting on the cells at the molecular level in real time.