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dc.contributor.authorShahzad, Muhammad Wakil
dc.contributor.authorBurhan, Muhammad
dc.contributor.authorSoo Son, Hyun
dc.contributor.authorOh, Seung Jin
dc.contributor.authorNg, Kim Choon
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-01T11:45:53Z
dc.date.available2018-02-01T11:45:53Z
dc.date.issued2018-01-31
dc.identifier.citationWakil Shahzad M, Burhan M, Soo Son H, Jin Oh S, Choon Ng K (2018) Desalination Processes Evaluation at Common Platform: A Universal Performance Ratio (UPR) Method. Applied Thermal Engineering. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.01.098.
dc.identifier.issn1359-4311
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.01.098
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/627005
dc.description.abstractThe inevitable escalation in economic development have serious implications on energy and environment nexus. The International Energy Outlook 2016 (IEO2016) predicted that the Non Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (non-OECD) countries will lead with 71% rise in energy demand in contrast with only 18% in developed countries from 2012-2040. In Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, about 40% of primary energy is consumed for cogeneration based power and desalination plants. The cogeneration based plants are struggling with unfair primary fuel cost apportionment to electricity and desalination. Also, the desalination processes performance evaluated based on derived energy, providing misleading selection of processes. There is a need of (i) appropriate primary fuel cost appointment method for multi-purposed plants and (ii) desalination processes performance evaluation method based on primary energy. As a solution, we proposed exergetic analysis for primary fuel percentage apportionment to all components in the cycle according to the quality of working fluid utilized. The proposed method showed that the gas turbine was under charged by 40%, steam turbine was overcharged by 71% and desalination was overcharged by 350% by conventional energetic apportionment methods. We also proposed a new and most suitable desalination processes performance evaluation method based on primary energy, called universal performance ratio (UPR). Since UPR is based on primary energy, it can be used to evaluate any kind of desalination processes, thermally driven, pressure driven & humidification-dehumidification etc. on common platform. We showed that all desalination processes are operating only at 10-13% of thermodynamic limit (TL) of UPR. For future sustainability, desalination must achieve 25-30% of TL and it is only possible either by hybridization of different processes or by innovative membrane materials.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to thank the King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST).
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359431117367340
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Thermal Engineering. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Thermal Engineering, 31 January 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.01.098. © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectDesalination
dc.subjectperformance ratio
dc.subjectexergy analysis
dc.subjectsustainability
dc.subjectuniversal performance ratio
dc.titleDesalination Processes Evaluation at Common Platform: A Universal Performance Ratio (UPR) Method
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.identifier.journalApplied Thermal Engineering
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
kaust.personShahzad, Muhammad Wakil
kaust.personBurhan, Muhammad
kaust.personSoo Son, Hyun
kaust.personOh, Seung Jin
kaust.personNg, Kim Choon
dc.date.published-online2018-01-31
dc.date.published-print2018-04


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