How will we react to the upcoming energy era?
If we consider that a barrel of oil contains the same energy as 4.5 years of human muscle labor, our future access to energy will define what we can and canﾒt do as individuals, nations, and as a global human culture.
During this lecture, Nate Hagens will discuss how the way we react to the coming era of harder to extract and more costly fossil fuels will be combined with newer, cleaner but more stochastic energy types will influence all of our lives.
Artists have been doing experiments on vision longer than neurobiologists. Some major works of art have provided insights as to how we see; some of these insights are so fundamental that they can be understood in terms of the underlying neurobiology. For example, artists have long realized that color and luminance can play independent roles in visual perception. Picasso said, "Colors are only symbols. Reality is to be found in luminance alone." This observation has a parallel in the functional subdivision of our visual systems, where color and luminance are processed by the evolutionarily newer, primate-specific What system, and the older, colorblind, Where (or How) system.
Many techniques developed over the centuries by artists can be understood in terms of the parallel organization of our visual systems. Margaret will explore how the segregation of color and luminance processing are the basis for why some Impressionist paintings seem to shimmer, why some op art paintings seem to move, some principles of Matisse's use of color, and how the Impressionists painted "air". Central and peripheral vision are distinct, and she will show how the differences in resolution across our visual field make the Mona Lisa's smile elusive, and produce a dynamic illusion in Pointillist paintings, Chuck Close paintings, and photomosaics. She will explore how artists have intuited important features about how our brains extract relevant information about faces and objects, and she will discuss why learning disabilities may be associated with artistic talent.
The world needs a cheap, carbon-free alternative to fossil fuels to feed its growing electricity demand. Nuclear power can be a good solution to the problem, but is hindered by issues of safety, waste, proliferation, and cost. But what if we could try a new approach to nuclear power, one that solves these problems?
In this lecture, the CEO of Transatomic Power will talk about how their company is advancing the design of a compact molten salt reactor to support the future of carbon-free energy production.
Can the designs of new reactor push the boundaries of nuclear technology to allow for a safe, clean, and affordable answer to humanityﾒs energy needs?
Nuclear power involves capturing the energy produced in nuclear fission reactions, which emerges as heat. This heat is most frequently used to boil water into steam, which then drives a turbine to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant. Worldwide, there is a renaissance of new nuclear technology development -- a new generation of young engineers are racing to develop more advanced nuclear reactors for a better form of power generation. Transatomic Power, specifically, is advancing the design of an easily contained and controlled, atmospheric pressure, high power density molten salt reactor that can be built at low cost. The road to commercialization is long, and poses many challenges, but the benefits are enormous. These new reactors push the boundaries of technology to allow for better, safer ways to power the world.
Man vs. Machine!
In 1977 an IBM supercomputer 'Deep Blue' beat the reigning World Chess Champion Gary Kasparov in a 6 game chess match played under tournament conditions. This was the first time a machine beat a human at chess. It symbolized the emergence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the potential for great good (and great harm) from machines that have aspects of human intelligence.
During this lecture Susan Polgar, a pioneer for Women in Chess, will share her remarkable story as well as how technology has changed the world of chess.
A 'smart city' is an urban region that is highly advanced in terms of overall infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communications and market viability. It is a city where information technology is the principal infrastructure and the basis for providing essential services to residents.
Yanbu Industrial City- Smart City Project - First large scale smart city in The kingdom.
The promise of oceanic discovery has intrigued scientists and explorers for centuries, whether to study underwater ecology and climate change, or to uncover natural resources and historic secrets buried deep at archaeological sites. Reaching these depth is imperative since factors such as pollution and deep-sea trawling increasingly threaten ecology and archaeological sites.
These needs demand a system deploying human-level expertise at the depths, and yet remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) are inadequate for the task. To meet the challenge of dexterous operation at oceanic depths, in collaboration with KAUSTﾒs Red Sea Research Center and MEKA Robotics, Oussama Khatib and the team developed Ocean One, a bimanual humanoid robot that brings immediate and intuitive haptic interaction to oceanic environments.
Introducing Ocean One, the haptic robotic avatar
During this lecture, Oussama Khatib will talk about how teaming with the French Ministry of Cultureﾒs Underwater Archaeology Research Department, they deployed Ocean One in an expedition in the Mediterranean to Louis XIVﾒs flagship Lune, lying off the coast of Toulon at ninety-one meters. In the spring of 2016, Ocean One became the first robotic avatar to embody a humanﾒs presence at the seabed. Ocean Oneﾒs journey in the Mediterranean marks a new level of marine exploration: Much as past technological innovations have impacted society, Ocean Oneﾒs ability to distance humans physically from dangerous and unreachable work spaces while connecting their skills, intuition, and experience to the task promises to fundamentally alter remote work. Robotic avatars will search for and acquire materials, support equipment, build infrastructure, and perform disaster prevention and recovery operations - be it deep in oceans and mines, at mountain tops, or in space.
A human-centered approach to the design of smart robotic vehicles
Contrary to the feverish promises of early 20th century futurists, the romance of the road has driven humanity down a dead end. The civilization of speed, acceleration, and motorized mobility has transformed the world into a perpetual traffic jam. Entire cities are being sacrificed on the altar of automobility. The landscape is being reduced to a flyover and drive-through zone, fissured by asphalt ribbons, fracked to extract fuels whose combustion is cooking the globe. Nearly 80% of urban areas are wrapped in dense blankets of smog. People arenﾒt moving more: they are moving less and with greater difficulty. And they are facing the health consequences of the sedentary life-styles they have been encouraged to adopt.
If this is era of mobility, then I believe itﾒs time to shift gears: from mobility to movability.
In this lecture, Jeffrey Schnapp will discuss how Movability unfolds on the far more intimate, intelligent, human-scale of the emerging 21st century cityscape. Itﾒs the scale of autonomous land drones threading their way down busy sidewalks; the scale of smart cargo carts invisibly coupled to workers making last mile deliveries in pedestrian-only zones; the scale of electric microcars platooning like trains while stopping off at individual destinations for pickups and dropoffs; and the scale of civic spaces animated by new kinds of vehicles that help the aging or the mobility-impaired to improve the quality of their lives and extend the range of their activities.
Budisteanu, Alexandru Ionut(2018-01-17)[Presentation]
"More than a million people die in car accidents each year, and most of those accidents are the result of human errorﾔ
Alexandru Budisteanu is 23 years old and owns a group of startups including Autonomix, an Artificial Intelligence software for affordable self-driving cars and he designed a low-cost self-driving car. The car's roof has cameras and low-resolution 3D LiDAR equipment to detect traffic lanes, other cars, curbs and obstacles, such as people crossing by. To process this dizzying amount of data, Alexandru employed Artificial Intelligence algorithms to extract information from the visual data and plot a safe route for the car. Then, he built a manufacturing facility in his garage from Romania to assembly affordable VisionBot Pick and Place robots that are used to produce electronics.
During this lecture, Alexandru will talk about this autonomous self-driving car prototype, for which he received the grand prize of the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair, and was nominated by TIME magazine as one of the worldﾒs most influential teens of 2013.
An international mission to explore, in depth, the Saturnian system ﾖthe planet Saturn and its magnetosphere, glorious rings, and many moons- begun over 27 years ago. After seven years of development, the Cassini spacecraft was launched in 1997, spent seven years trekking to Saturn, and finally entered Saturn orbit in the summer of 2004. In the course of its 13 years orbiting this ring world, Cassini returned over 450 thousand images, 635GB of data, and invaluable insights on the solar systemﾒs most splendid and scientifically rich planetary system.
In this lecture, Carolyn Porco, the leader of the imaging science team on NASA's Cassini mission, will delight her audience with a retrospective look at what has been learned from this profoundly successful mission and what its final legacy is likely to be.
This lecture will cover the most common interface and interface techniques between sensors and microcontrollers. The presentation will introduce the pros and cons of each interface type including analogue, digital and serial output sensors. It will also cover the basic required electronics knowledge to help you in selecting and designing your next sensor to microcontroller interface.
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