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dc.contributor.authorHughes, Terry P.
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Kristen D.
dc.contributor.authorConnolly, Sean R.
dc.contributor.authorHeron, Scott F.
dc.contributor.authorKerry, James T.
dc.contributor.authorLough, Janice M.
dc.contributor.authorBaird, Andrew H.
dc.contributor.authorBaum, Julia K.
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.
dc.contributor.authorBridge, Tom C.
dc.contributor.authorClaar, Danielle C.
dc.contributor.authorEakin, C. Mark
dc.contributor.authorGilmour, James P.
dc.contributor.authorGraham, Nicholas A. J.
dc.contributor.authorHarrison, Hugo B.
dc.contributor.authorHobbs, Jean-Paul A.
dc.contributor.authorHoey, Andrew S.
dc.contributor.authorHoogenboom, Mia
dc.contributor.authorLowe, Ryan J.
dc.contributor.authorMcCulloch, Malcolm T.
dc.contributor.authorPandolfi, John M.
dc.contributor.authorPratchett, Morgan
dc.contributor.authorSchoepf, Verena
dc.contributor.authorTorda, Gergely
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Shaun K.
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-28T07:22:28Z
dc.date.available2018-01-28T07:22:28Z
dc.date.issued2018-01-16
dc.identifier.citationHughes TP, Anderson KD, Connolly SR, Heron SF, Kerry JT, et al. (2018) Spatial and temporal patterns of mass bleaching of corals in the Anthropocene. Science 359: 80–83. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aan8048.
dc.identifier.issn0036-8075
dc.identifier.issn1095-9203
dc.identifier.pmid29302011
dc.identifier.doi10.1126/science.aan8048
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/626893
dc.description.abstractTropical reef systems are transitioning to a new era in which the interval between recurrent bouts of coral bleaching is too short for a full recovery of mature assemblages. We analyzed bleaching records at 100 globally distributed reef locations from 1980 to 2016. The median return time between pairs of severe bleaching events has diminished steadily since 1980 and is now only 6 years. As global warming has progressed, tropical sea surface temperatures are warmer now during current La Nina conditions than they were during El Nino events three decades ago. Consequently, as we transition to the Anthropocene, coral bleaching is occurring more frequently in all El Nino-Southern Oscillation phases, increasing the likelihood of annual bleaching in the coming decades.
dc.description.sponsorshipMajor funding for this research was provided by the Australian Research Council's Centre of Excellence Program (CE140100020). The contents of this manuscript are solely the opinions of the authors and do not constitute a statement of policy, decision, or position on behalf of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or the U.S. government. Data reported in this paper are tabulated in the supplementary materials.
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
dc.relation.urlhttp://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6371/80.full
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Science
dc.titleSpatial and temporal patterns of mass bleaching of corals in the Anthropocene
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalScience
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionAustralian Research Council (ARC), Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, 4811, , Australia
dc.contributor.institutionCollege of Marine and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, 4811, , Australia
dc.contributor.institutionMarine Geophysical Laboratory, Physics Department, College of Science, Technology, and Engineering, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, 4811, , Australia
dc.contributor.institutionCoral Reef Watch, U.S National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, College Park, MD, 20740, , United States
dc.contributor.institutionAustralian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3, Townsville, QLD, 4810, , Australia
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, V8W 2Y2, , Canada
dc.contributor.institutionQueensland Museum, 70-102 Flinders Street, Townsville, QLD, 4810, , Australia
dc.contributor.institutionAustralian Institute of Marine Science, Indian Ocean Marine Science Centre, University of Western Australia (UWA), WA, 6009, , , Australia
dc.contributor.institutionLancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, , United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Environment and Agriculture, Curtin University, Perth, WA, 6845, , Australia
dc.contributor.institutionARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies, UWA Oceans Institute, School of Earth Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, 6009, , Australia
dc.contributor.institutionARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, , Australia
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Kensington, Perth, WA, 6151, Australia
kaust.personBerumen, Michael L.


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