A Community-Aware Approach to Minimizing Dissemination in Graphs

Type
Conference Paper

Authors
Zhang, Chuxu
Yu, Lu
Liu, Chuang
Zhang, Zi-Ke
Zhou, Tao

KAUST Department
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Computer Science Program

Online Publication Date
2017-08-03

Print Publication Date
2017

Date
2017-08-03

Abstract
Given a graph, can we minimize the spread of an entity (such as a meme or a virus) while maintaining the graph’s community structure (defined as groups of nodes with denser intra-connectivity than inter-connectivity)? At first glance, these two objectives seem at odds with each other. To minimize dissemination, nodes or links are often deleted to reduce the graph’s connectivity. These deletions can (and often do) destroy the graph’s community structure, which is an important construct in real-world settings (e.g., communities promote trust among their members). We utilize rewiring of links to achieve both objectives. Examples of rewiring in real life are prevalent, such as purchasing products from a new farm since the local farm has signs of mad cow disease; getting information from a new source after a disaster since your usual source is no longer available, etc. Our community-aware approach, called constrCRlink (short for Constraint Community Relink), preserves (on average) 98.6% of the efficacy of the best community-agnostic link-deletion approach (namely, NetMelt+), but changes the original community structure of the graph by only 4.5%. In contrast, NetMelt+ changes 13.6% of the original community structure.

Citation
Zhang C, Yu L, Liu C, Zhang Z-K, Zhou T (2017) A Community-Aware Approach to Minimizing Dissemination in Graphs. Lecture Notes in Computer Science: 85–99. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63579-8_8.

Acknowledgements
This work was partially supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61673151, 61503110 and 61433014), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. LY14A050001 and LQ16F030006).

Publisher
Springer Nature

Journal
Lecture Notes in Computer Science

Conference/Event Name
1st Asia-Pacific Web and Web-Age Information Management Joint Conference on Web and Big Data, APWeb-WAIM 2017

DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-63579-8_8

Additional Links
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-63579-8_8

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