Variation in shoot tolerance mechanisms not related to ion toxicity in barley
Schilling, Rhiannon K.
Garcia, Alexandre F.
Tester, Mark A.
Roy, Stuart J.
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AbstractSoil salinity can severely reduce crop growth and yield. Many studies have investigated salinity tolerance mechanisms in cereals using phenotypes that are relatively easy to measure. The majority of these studies measured the accumulation of shoot Na+ and the effect this has on plant growth. However, plant growth is reduced immediately after exposure to NaCl before Na+ accumulates to toxic concentrations in the shoot. In this study, nondestructive and destructive measurements are used to evaluate the responses of 24 predominately Australian barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) lines at 0, 150 and 250mMNaCl. Considerable variation for shoot tolerance mechanisms not related to ion toxicity (shoot ion-independent tolerance) was found, withsome lines being able to maintain substantial growth rates under salt stress, whereas others stopped growing. Hordeum vulgare spp. spontaneum accessions and barley landraces predominantly had the best shoot ion independent tolerance, although two commercial cultivars, Fathom and Skiff, also had high tolerance. The tolerance of cv. Fathom may be caused by a recent introgression from H. vulgare L. spp. spontaneum. This study shows that the most salt-tolerant barley lines are those that contain both shoot ion-independent tolerance and the ability to exclude Na+ from the shoot (and thus maintain high K+: Na+ ratios).
CitationTilbrook J, Schilling RK, Berger B, Garcia AF, Trittermann C, et al. (2017) Variation in shoot tolerance mechanisms not related to ion toxicity in barley. Functional Plant Biology 44: 1194. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP17049.
SponsorsThe authors acknowledge funding from the Grains Research and Development Corporation, Australia (UA00118 and UA00145) and the Adelaide Barley Breeders (University of Adelaide) for advice and plant material. The Plant Accelerator, Australian Plant Phenomics Facility, is funded by the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy of the Commonwealth of Australia. Accession YU6472 was supplied through a China Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture and Grains Research and Development Corporation collaboration and Parent 19 was sourced from the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Lebanon.
JournalFunctional Plant Biology