Dendrimeric Thin-Film Composite Membranes: Free Volume, Roughness, and Fouling Resistance
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AbstractCopolyamide films with a thickness from 50 to 780 nm were fabricated by interfacial polymerization between mixtures of m-phenylene diamine and primary amine-terminated polyamidoamine dendrimers (PAMAM) in the aqueous phase and trimesoyl chloride (TMC) in the organic phase. Different PAMAM generations (G0, d = 15 Å, Z = 4; G3, d = 36 Å, Z = 32; and G5, d = 54, Z = 128, where d is the measured diameter and Z is the number of terminal groups) and concentrations were used to obtain copolyamide films with different crosslinked structures. The influences of the concentration and degree of branching (PAMAM generation) on free volume were analysed via positon annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) and correlated with the separation properties of copolyamide films. Besides, surface and intrinsic properties of copolyamide films under different conditions were compared. The high hydrophilicity of PAMAM in the copolyamide network leads to the formation of a hydration layer on the copolyamide surface, which minimizes fouling. The separation performance of copolyamide membranes with various PAMAM networks was investigated in forward osmosis (FO) experiments. Understanding the correlation between the PAMAM structure/concentration, free volume, thickness, and surface intrinsic properties leads to the design of suitable fouling resistant thin-film composite membranes in a single interfacial polymerization process.
CitationDuong PHH, Zuo J, Nunes SP (2017) Dendrimeric Thin-Film Composite Membranes: Free Volume, Roughness, and Fouling Resistance. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.7b03867.
SponsorsThis work was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors thank Professor Tai-Shung Chung of the National University of Singapore for giving opportunity to use his laboratory’s positron annihilation spectroscopy and valuable comments.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)