Highly uniform ultraviolet-A quantum-confined AlGaN nanowire LEDs on metal/silicon with a TaN interlayer
Subedi, Ram Chandra
Elafandy, Rami T.
Anjum, Dalaver H.
Ng, Tien Khee
Ooi, Boon S.
KAUST DepartmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Electrical Engineering Program
Imaging and Characterization Core Lab
KAUST Grant NumberBAS/1/1614-01-01
Online Publication Date2017-11-02
Print Publication Date2017-12-01
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/626118
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AbstractIn this paper, we describe ultraviolet-A (UV-A) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) emitting at 325 nm based on a highly uniform structure of quantum-confined AlGaN quantum-disk nanowires (NWs). By incorporating a 20 nm TaN interlayer between a Ti pre-orienting layer and the silicon substrate, we eliminated the potential barrier for carrier injection and phonon transport, and inhibited the formation of interfacial silicide that led to device failure. Compared to previous reports on metal substrate, we achieved a 16 × reduction in root-mean-square (RMS) roughness, from 24 nm to 1.6 nm, for the samples with the Ti/TaN metal-bilayer, owing to the effective diffusion barrier characteristic of TaN. This was confirmed using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). We achieved a considerable increase in the injection current density (up to 90 A/cm2) compared to our previous studies, and an optical power of 1.9 μW for the 0.5 × 0.5 mm2 NWs-LED. This work provides a feasible pathway for both a reliable and stable UV-A device operation at elevated current injection, and eventually towards low-cost production of UV devices, leveraging on the scalability of silicon substrates.
CitationPriante D, Janjua B, Prabaswara A, Subedi RC, Elafandy RT, et al. (2017) Highly uniform ultraviolet-A quantum-confined AlGaN nanowire LEDs on metal/silicon with a TaN interlayer. Optical Materials Express 7: 4214. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/ome.7.004214.
SponsorsKing Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), Grant No. KACST TIC R2-FP-008. This work was partially supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) baseline funding, BAS/1/1614-01-01.
PublisherThe Optical Society
JournalOptical Materials Express