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dc.contributor.authorKhaki, M.
dc.contributor.authorAit-El-Fquih, Boujemaa
dc.contributor.authorHoteit, Ibrahim
dc.contributor.authorForootan, E.
dc.contributor.authorAwange, J.
dc.contributor.authorKuhn, M.
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-30T07:55:29Z
dc.date.available2017-10-30T07:55:29Z
dc.date.issued2017-10-25
dc.identifier.citationKhaki M, Ait-El-Fquih B, Hoteit I, Forootan E, Awange J, et al. (2017) A Two-update Ensemble Kalman Filter for Land Hydrological Data Assimilation with an Uncertain Constraint. Journal of Hydrology. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.10.032.
dc.identifier.issn0022-1694
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.10.032
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/625959
dc.description.abstractAssimilating Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE) data into land hydrological models provides a valuable opportunity to improve the models’ forecasts and increases our knowledge of terrestrial water storages (TWS). The assimilation, however, may harm the consistency between hydrological water fluxes, namely precipitation, evaporation, discharge, and water storage changes. To address this issue, we propose a weak constrained ensemble Kalman filter (WCEnKF) that maintains estimated water budgets in balance with other water fluxes. Therefore, in this study, GRACE terrestrial water storages data are assimilated into the World-Wide Water Resources Assessment (W3RA) hydrological model over the Earth’s land areas covering 2002 – 2012. Multi-mission remotely sensed precipitation measurements from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and evaporation products from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), as well as ground-based water discharge measurements are applied to close the water balance equation. The proposed WCEnKF contains two update steps; first, it incorporates observations from GRACE to improve model simulations of water storages, and second, uses the additional observations of precipitation, evaporation, and water discharge to establish the water budget closure. These steps are designed to account for error information associated with the included observation sets during the assimilation process. In order to evaluate the assimilation results, in addition to monitoring the water budget closure errors, in-situ groundwater measurements over the Mississippi River Basin in the US and the Murray-Darling Basin in Australia are used. Our results indicate approximately 24% improvement in the WCEnKF groundwater estimates over both basins compared to the use of (constraint-free) EnKF. WCEnKF also further reduces imbalance errors by approximately 82.53% (on average) and at the same time increases the correlations between the assimilation solutions and the water fluxes.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe would like to thank Dr. Natthachet Tangdamrongsub for his useful comments, which contributed to the improvement of this study. M. Khaki is grateful for the research grant of Curtin International Postgraduate Research Scholarships (CIPRS)/ORD Scholarship provided by Curtin University (Australia). This work is a TIGeR publication.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169417307072
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Hydrology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Hydrology, 25 October 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.10.032. © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectConstrained data assimilation
dc.subjectEnsemble Kalman filtering
dc.subjectWeak constrained ensemble Kalman filter
dc.subjectWater budget closure
dc.subjectHydrological modelling.
dc.titleA Two-update Ensemble Kalman Filter for Land Hydrological Data Assimilation with an Uncertain Constraint
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Fluid Modeling and Prediction Group
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Hydrology
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Spatial Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
kaust.personAit-El-Fquih, Boujemaa
kaust.personHoteit, Ibrahim
refterms.dateFOA2019-10-25T00:00:00Z
dc.date.published-online2017-10-25
dc.date.published-print2017-12


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