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dc.contributor.authorAksnes, Dag L.
dc.contributor.authorRøstad, Anders
dc.contributor.authorKaartvedt, Stein
dc.contributor.authorMartinez, Udane
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.contributor.authorIrigoien, Xabier
dc.identifier.citationLight penetration structures the deep acoustic scattering layers in the global ocean. 2017, 3 (5):e1602468 Sci Adv
dc.description.abstractThe deep scattering layer (DSL) is a ubiquitous acoustic signature found across all oceans and arguably the dominant feature structuring the pelagic open ocean ecosystem. It is formed by mesopelagic fishes and pelagic invertebrates. The DSL animals are an important food source for marine megafauna and contribute to the biological carbon pump through the active flux of organic carbon transported in their daily vertical migrations. They occupy depths from 200 to 1000 m at daytime and migrate to a varying degree into surface waters at nighttime. Their daytime depth, which determines the migration amplitude, varies across the global ocean in concert with water mass properties, in particular the oxygen regime, but the causal underpinning of these correlations has been unclear. We present evidence that the broad variability in the oceanic DSL daytime depth observed during the Malaspina 2010 Circumnavigation Expedition is governed by variation in light penetration. We find that the DSL depth distribution conforms to a common optical depth layer across the global ocean and that a correlation between dissolved oxygen and light penetration provides a parsimonious explanation for the association of shallow DSL distributions with hypoxic waters. In enhancing understanding of this phenomenon, our results should improve the ability to predict and model the dynamics of one of the largest animal biomass components on earth, with key roles in the oceanic biological carbon pump and food web.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis is a contribution to the Malaspina 2010 Circumnavigation Expedition project, funded by the CONSOLIDER-Ingenio 2010 program from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (ref. CSD2008-00077). Additional funding was provided by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology through the baseline program.
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Science advances
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.titleLight penetration structures the deep acoustic scattering layers in the global ocean.
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalScience Advances
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biology and Hjort Centre for Marine Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
dc.contributor.institutionAZTI, Arrantza eta Elikaigintzarako Institutu Teknologikoa, Herrera Kaia Portualdea, 20110 Pasaia, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionArctic Research Centre, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, C.F. Møllers Allé 8, DK-8000 Århus C, Denmark
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)

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