Autozygosity reveals recessive mutations and novel mechanisms in dominant genes: implications in variant interpretation
Alanazy, Mohammed H.
Sulaiman, Raashda A.
Arold, Stefan T.
Alkuraya, Fowzan S.
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Computational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC)
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AbstractThe purpose of this study is to describe recessive alleles in strictly dominant genes. Identifying recessive mutations in genes for which only dominant disease or risk alleles have been reported can expand our understanding of the medical relevance of these genes both phenotypically and mechanistically. The Saudi population is enriched for autozygosity, which enhances the homozygous occurrence of alleles, including pathogenic alleles in genes that have been associated only with a dominant inheritance pattern.Exome sequencing of patients from consanguineous families with likely recessive phenotypes was performed. In one family, the genotype of the deceased children was inferred from their parents due to lack of available samples.We describe the identification of 11 recessive variants (5 of which are reported here for the first time) in 11 genes for which only dominant disease or risk alleles have been reported. The observed phenotypes for these recessive variants were novel (e.g., FBN2-related myopathy and CSF1R-related brain malformation and osteopetrosis), typical (e.g., ACTG2-related visceral myopathy), or an apparently healthy state (e.g., PDE11A), consistent with the corresponding mouse knockout phenotypes.Our results show that, in the era of genomic sequencing and
CitationMonies D, Maddirevula S, Kurdi W, Alanazy MH, Alkhalidi H, et al. (2017) Autozygosity reveals recessive mutations and novel mechanisms in dominant genes: implications in variant interpretation. Genetics in Medicine. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/gim.2017.22.
JournalGenetics in Medicine