Implementing and Innovating Marine Monitoring Approaches for Assessing Marine Environmental Status
Cahill, Abigail E.
Gasol, Joseph M.
Forster, Rodney M.
Kurekin, Andrey A.
Miller, Peter I.
Pearman, John K.
Pitois, Sophie G.
Simis, Stefan G. H.
Lo Martire, Marco
Cochrane, Sabine K. J.
KAUST DepartmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/623713
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AbstractMarine environmental monitoring has tended to focus on site-specific methods of investigation. These traditional methods have low spatial and temporal resolution and are relatively labor intensive per unit area/time that they cover. To implement the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), European Member States are required to improve marine monitoring and design monitoring networks. This can be achieved by developing and testing innovative and cost-effective monitoring systems, as well as indicators of environmental status. Here, we present several recently developed methodologies and technologies to improve marine biodiversity indicators and monitoring methods. The innovative tools are discussed concerning the technologies presently utilized as well as the advantages and disadvantages of their use in routine monitoring. In particular, the present analysis focuses on: (i) molecular approaches, including microarray, Real Time quantitative PCR (qPCR), and metagenetic (metabarcoding) tools; (ii) optical (remote) sensing and acoustic methods; and (iii) in situ monitoring instruments. We also discuss their applications in marine monitoring within the MSFD through the analysis of case studies in order to evaluate their potential utilization in future routine marine monitoring. We show that these recently-developed technologies can present clear advantages in accuracy, efficiency and cost.
SponsorsThis manuscript is a result of DEVOTES (DEVelopment Of innovative Tools for understanding marine biodiversity and assessing good Environmental Status) project, funded by the European Union under the 7th Framework Programme, “The Ocean of Tomorrow” Theme (grant agreement no. 308392) (http://www.devotes-project.eu). Further financial assistance was provided to VS and ER by the European Union under the ENPI CBC Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme (Sustainability and Tourism in the Mediterranean—S&T Med Strategic Project). The contents of this article are the sole responsibility of the authors and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union or of the Programme's management structures.
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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