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dc.contributor.authorSridhar, A.
dc.contributor.authorPullin, D. I.
dc.contributor.authorCheng, W.
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-15T10:35:10Z
dc.date.available2017-05-15T10:35:10Z
dc.date.issued2017-03-28
dc.identifier.citationSridhar A, Pullin DI, Cheng W (2017) Rough-wall turbulent boundary layers with constant skin friction. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 818: 26–45. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2017.132.
dc.identifier.issn0022-1120
dc.identifier.issn1469-7645
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/jfm.2017.132
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/623587
dc.description.abstractA semi-empirical model is presented that describes the development of a fully developed turbulent boundary layer in the presence of surface roughness with length scale ks that varies with streamwise distance x . Interest is centred on flows for which all terms of the von Kármán integral relation, including the ratio of outer velocity to friction velocity U+∞≡U∞/uτ , are streamwise constant. For Rex assumed large, use is made of a simple log-wake model of the local turbulent mean-velocity profile that contains a standard mean-velocity correction for the asymptotic fully rough regime and with assumed constant parameter values. It is then shown that, for a general power-law external velocity variation U∞∼xm , all measures of the boundary-layer thickness must be proportional to x and that the surface sand-grain roughness scale variation must be the linear form ks(x)=αx , where x is the distance from the boundary layer of zero thickness and α is a dimensionless constant. This is shown to give a two-parameter (m,α) family of solutions, for which U+∞ (or equivalently Cf ) and boundary-layer thicknesses can be simply calculated. These correspond to perfectly self-similar boundary-layer growth in the streamwise direction with similarity variable z/(αx) , where z is the wall-normal coordinate. Results from this model over a range of α are discussed for several cases, including the zero-pressure-gradient ( m=0 ) and sink-flow ( m=−1 ) boundary layers. Trends observed in the model are supported by wall-modelled large-eddy simulation of the zero-pressure-gradient case for Rex in the range 108−1010 and for four values of α . Linear streamwise growth of the displacement, momentum and nominal boundary-layer thicknesses is confirmed, while, for each α , the mean-velocity profiles and streamwise turbulent variances are found to collapse reasonably well onto z/(αx) . For given α , calculations of U+∞ obtained from large-eddy simulations are streamwise constant and independent of Rex when this is large. The present results suggest that, in the sense that U+∞(α,m) is constant, these flows can be interpreted as the fully rough limit for boundary layers in the presence of small-scale linear roughness.
dc.description.sponsorshipA.S. and D.I.P. were partially supported by the KAUST Office of Competitive Research Funds (OCRF) under award no. URF/1/1394-01 and partially by NSF award CBET 1235605. W.C. was supported by the KAUST OCRF under award no. URF/1/1394-01. The authors acknowledge helpful conversations with R. A. Antonia.
dc.publisherCambridge University Press (CUP)
dc.subjectturbulence modelling
dc.subjectturbulence simulation
dc.subjectturbulent boundary layers
dc.titleRough-wall turbulent boundary layers with constant skin friction
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
dc.contributor.institutionGraduate Aerospace Laboratories, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
kaust.grant.numberURF/1/1394-01
dc.date.published-online2017-03-28
dc.date.published-print2017-05


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