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dc.contributor.authorLone, Saifullah
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Jiaming
dc.contributor.authorVakarelski, Ivan Uriev
dc.contributor.authorLi, Erqiang
dc.contributor.authorThoroddsen, Sigurdur T
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-13T11:51:00Z
dc.date.available2017-04-13T11:51:00Z
dc.date.issued2017-03-13
dc.identifier.citationLone S, Zhang JM, Vakarelski IU, Li EQ, Thoroddsen ST (2017) Evaporative Lithography in Open Microfluidic Channel Networks. Langmuir 33: 2861–2871. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b03304.
dc.identifier.issn0743-7463
dc.identifier.issn1520-5827
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b03304
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/623195
dc.description.abstractWe demonstrate a direct capillary-driven method based on wetting and evaporation of various suspensions to fabricate regular two-dimensional wires in an open microfluidic channel through continuous deposition of micro- or nanoparticles under evaporative lithography, akin to the coffee-ring effect. The suspension is gently placed in a loading reservoir connected to the main open microchannel groove on a PDMS substrate. Hydrophilic conditions ensure rapid spreading of the suspension from the loading reservoir to fill the entire channel length. Evaporation during the spreading and after the channel is full increases the particle concentration toward the end of the channel. This evaporation-induced convective transport brings particles from the loading reservoir toward the channel end where this flow deposits a continuous multilayered particle structure. The particle deposition front propagates backward over the entire channel length. The final dry deposit of the particles is thereby much thicker than the initial volume fraction of the suspension. The deposition depth is characterized using a 3D imaging profiler, whereas the deposition topography is revealed using a scanning electron microscope. The patterning technology described here is robust and passive and hence operates without an external field. This work may well become a launching pad to construct low-cost and large-scale thin optoelectronic films with variable thicknesses and interspacing distances.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe work was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
dc.relation.urlhttp://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b03304
dc.titleEvaporative Lithography in Open Microfluidic Channel Networks
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentClean Combustion Research Center
dc.contributor.departmentHigh-Speed Fluids Imaging Laboratory
dc.contributor.departmentMechanical Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalLangmuir
kaust.personLone, Saifullah
kaust.personZhang, Jiaming
kaust.personVakarelski, Ivan Uriev
kaust.personLi, Erqiang
kaust.personThoroddsen, Sigurdur T.
dc.date.published-online2017-03-13
dc.date.published-print2017-03-21


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