Advanced Polymeric and Organic–Inorganic Membranes for Pressure-Driven Processes
KAUST DepartmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Environmental Science and Engineering Program
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AbstractThe state-of-the-art of membranes for reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, and gas separation is shortly reviewed, taking in account the most representative examples currently in application. Emphasis is also done on recent developments of advanced polymeric and organic–inorganic materials for pressure-driven processes. Many of the more recent membranes are not only polymeric but also contain an inorganic phase. Tailoring innovative materials with organic and inorganic phases coexisting in a nanoscale with multifunctionalization is an appealing approach to control at the same time diffusivity and gas solubility. Other advanced materials that are now being considered for membrane development are organic or organic–inorganic self-assemblies, metal-organic frameworks, and different forms of carbon fillers.
CitationLe NL, Duong PHH, Nunes SP (2017) Advanced Polymeric and Organic–Inorganic Membranes for Pressure-Driven Processes. Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.12275-9.
SponsorsThe authors thank Klaus-Viktor Peinemann, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) for his contribution to the previous version of this article.