Individualization of 2D color maps for people with color vision deficiencies
KAUST DepartmentVisual Computing Center (VCC)
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Online Publication Date2016-12-13
Print Publication Date2016
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622776
MetadataShow full item record
Abstract2D color maps are often used to visually encode complex data characteristics such as heat or height. The comprehension of color maps in visualization is affected by the display (e.g., a monitor) and the perceptual abilities of the viewer. People with color vision deficiencies, such as red-green blindness, face difficulties when using conventional color maps. We propose a novel method for adapting a color map to an individual person, by having the user sort lines extracted from a given color map.
CitationWaldin N, Bernhard M, Rautek P, Viola I (2016) Individualization of 2D color maps for people with color vision deficiencies. Proceedings of the 32nd Spring Conference on Computer Graphics - SCCG ’16. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2948628.2948643.
SponsorsThis project has been funded by the Vienna Science and Technology Fund (WWTF) through project VRG11-010 and also supported by EC Marie Curie Career Integration Grant through project PCIG13- GA-2013-618680.
Conference/Event name32nd Spring Conference on Computer Graphics, SCCG 2016
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Colorful seashells: Identification of haem pathway genes associated with the synthesis of porphyrin shell color in marine snailsWilliams, Suzanne T.; Lockyer, Anne E.; Dyal, Patricia; Nakano, Tomoyuki; Churchill, Celia K. C.; Speiser, Daniel I. (Ecology and Evolution, Wiley, 2017-10-30) [Article]Very little is known about the evolution of molluskan shell pigments, although Mollusca is a highly diverse, species rich, and ecologically important group of animals comprised of many brightly colored taxa. The marine snail genus Clanculus was chosen as an exceptional model for studying the evolution of shell color, first, because in Clanculus margaritarius and Clanculus pharaonius both shell and foot share similar colors and patterns; and second, because recent studies have identified the pigments, trochopuniceus (pink-red), and trochoxouthos (yellow-brown), both comprised of uroporphyrin I and uroporphyrin III, in both shell and colored foot tissue of these species. These unusual characteristics provide a rare opportunity to identify the genes involved in color production because, as the same pigments occur in the shell and colored foot tissue, the same color-related genes may be simultaneously expressed in both mantle (which produces the shell) and foot tissue. In this study, the transcriptomes of these two Clanculus species along with a third species, Calliostoma zizyphinum, were sequenced to identify genes associated with the synthesis of porphyrins. Calliostoma zizyphinum was selected as a negative control as trochopuniceus and trochoxouthos were not found to occur in this species. As expected, genes necessary for the production of uroporphyrin I and III were found in all three species, but gene expression levels were consistent with synthesis of uroporphyrins in mantle and colored foot tissue only in Clanculus. These results are relevant not only to understanding the evolution of shell pigmentation in Clanculus but also to understanding the evolution of color in other species with uroporphyrin pigmentation, including (mainly marine) mollusks soft tissues and shells, annelid and platyhelminth worms, and some bird feathers.
Local Color Mapping Combined with Color Transfer for Underwater Image EnhancementProtasiuk, Rafal; Bibi, Adel; Ghanem, Bernard (2019 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2019-03-08) [Conference Paper]Color correction and color transfer methods have gained a lot of attention in the past few years to circumvent color degradation that may occur due to various sources. In this paper, we propose a novel simple yet powerful strategy to profoundly enhance color distorted underwater images. The proposed approach combines both local and global information through a simple yet powerful affine transform model. Local and global information are carried through local color mapping and color covariance mapping between an input and some reference source, respectively. Several experiments on degraded underwater images demonstrate that the proposed method performs favourably to all other methods including ones that are tailored to correcting underwater images by explicit noise modelling.
Does color matter? Molecular and ecological divergence in four sympatric color morphs of a coral reef fishGaither, Michelle R.; Coker, Darren James; Greaves, Samuel; Sarigol, Fatih; Payet, Samuel D.; Chaidez, Veronica; Sinclair-Taylor, Tane H.; DiBattista, Joseph; Berumen, Michael L. (Ecology and Evolution, Wiley, 2020-09-04) [Article]Non-sex-linked color polymorphism is common in animals and can be maintained in populations via balancing selection or, when under diversifying selection, can promote divergence. Despite their potential importance in ecological interactions and the evolution of biodiversity, their function and the mechanisms by which these polymorphisms are maintained are still poorly understood. Here, we combine field observations with life history and molecular data to compare four sympatric color morphs of the coral reef fish Paracirrhites forsteri (family Cirrhitidae) in the central Red Sea. Our findings verify that the color morphs are not sex-limited, inhabit the same reefs, and do not show clear signs of avoidance or aggression among them. A barcoding approach based on 1,276 bp of mitochondrial DNA could not differentiate the color morphs. However, when 36,769 SNPs were considered, we found low but significant population structure. Focusing on 1,121 FST outliers, we recovered distinct population clusters that corresponded to shifts in allele frequencies with each color morph harboring unique alleles. Genetic divergence at these outlier loci is accompanied by differences in growth and marginal variation in microhabitat preference. Together, life history and molecular analysis suggest subtle divergence between the color morphs in this population, the causes for which remain elusive.