Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorThong, Zhiwei
dc.contributor.authorCui, Yue
dc.contributor.authorOng, Yee Kang
dc.contributor.authorChung, Neal Tai-Shung
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T09:28:31Z
dc.date.available2017-01-02T09:28:31Z
dc.date.issued2016-08-24
dc.identifier.citationThong Z, Cui Y, Ong YK, Chung T-S (2016) Molecular Design of Nanofiltration Membranes for the Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 4: 5570–5577. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01299.
dc.identifier.issn2168-0485
dc.identifier.issn2168-0485
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01299
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622433
dc.description.abstractWith the rapid depletion of mineral phosphorus, the recovery of phosphorus from sewage sludge becomes increasingly important. However, the presence of various contaminants such as heavy metals in sewage sludge complicates the issue. One must separate phosphorus from the heavy metals in order to produce fertilizers of high quality. Among various available methods, nanofiltration (NF) has been demonstrated to be a feasible and promising option when the sewage sludge undergoes acidic dissolution and the operating pH is around 2. Because the performance of commercially available thin film composite (TFC) NF membranes reported thus far has great room for improvement, the development of highly permeable positively charged NF membranes is recommended. To this aim, a NF membrane that is desirable for phosphorus recovery was fabricated via interfacial polymerization of polyethylenimine (PEI) and trimesoyl chloride (TMC) on a porous poly(ether sulfone) (PES) membrane substrate. Through an optimization of the interfacial polymerization process, which involves varying the molecular weight of PEI and the concentration of TMC, the resultant membrane displays a low molecular weight cutoff (MWCO) of 170 Da with a reasonably high pure water permeability (A) of 6.4 LMH/bar. The newly developed NF membrane can effectively reject a wide variety of heavy metal ions such as Cu, Zn, Pb and Ni (>93%) while demonstrating a low phosphorus rejection of 19.6% at 10 bar using a feed solution of pH 2. Thus, up to 90% of the feed phosphorus may be recovered using this newly developed NF membrane at a permeate recovery of 90%. This is a highly competitive value for the recovery of phosphorus. © 2016 American Chemical Society.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors thank GlaxoSmithKline-Economic Development Board (GSK-EDB) Trust Fund for the project entitled “New membrane development to facilitate solvent recovery and pharmaceutical separation in pharmaceutical syntheses” with the grant number R-706-000-019-592. We also acknowledge the support of the Singapore National Research Foundation under its Environment & Water Research Programme and administered by PUB, Singapore’s national water agency, for the project entitled “Advanced development of nanofiltration hollow fiber membranes and their applications” with the grant number R-279-000-451-279.
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
dc.relation.urlhttp://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01299
dc.subjectAcidic conditions
dc.subjectComposite membrane
dc.subjectHeavy metal removal
dc.subjectNanofiltration
dc.subjectPhosphorus recovery
dc.titleMolecular Design of Nanofiltration Membranes for the Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.identifier.journalACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 4, Singapore, Singapore
kaust.personChung, Neal Tai-Shung


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record