Spirobisindane-based polyimide as efficient precursor of thermally-rearranged and carbon molecular sieve membranes for enhanced propylene/propane separation
KAUST DepartmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center
Chemical Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Online Publication Date2016-09-02
Print Publication Date2016-12
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622339
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AbstractHigh performance thermally-rearranged (TR) and carbon molecular sieve (CMS) membranes made from an intrinsically microporous polymer precursor PIM-6FDA-OH are reported for the separation of propylene from propane. Thermal rearrangement of PIM-6FDA-OH to the corresponding polybenzoxazole (PBO) membrane resulted in a pure-gas C3H6/C3H8 selectivity of 15 and C3H6 permeability of 14 Barrer, positioning it above the polymeric C3H6/C3H8 upper bound. For the first time, the C3H6/C3H8 mixed-gas properties of a TR polymer were investigated and showed a C3H6 permeability of 11 Barrer and C3H6/ C3H8 selectivity of 11, essentially independent of feed pressure up to 5 bar. The CMS membrane made by treatment at 600 C showed further improvement in performance as demonstrated with a pure-gas C3H8/C3H8 selectivity of 33 and a C3H6 permeability of 45 Barrer. The mixed-gas C3H6/C3H8 selectivity dropped from 24 to 17 from 2 to 5 bar feed pressure due to a decrease in C3H6 permeability most likely caused by competitive sorption without any evidence of plasticization. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
CitationSwaidan RJ, Ma X, Pinnau I (2016) Spirobisindane-based polyimide as efficient precursor of thermally-rearranged and carbon molecular sieve membranes for enhanced propylene/propane separation. Journal of Membrane Science 520: 983–989. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2016.08.057.
SponsorsThe research reported in this publication was supported by funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
JournalJournal of Membrane Science