Crosslinked poly(ether block amide) composite membranes for organic solvent nanofiltration applications
KAUST DepartmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center
Chemical Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Online Publication Date2016-10-01
Print Publication Date2017-02
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622283
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AbstractPoly(ether block amide) – Pebax® – based membranes are well described for gas separation applications. But only a few publications exist for their application in pressure driven liquid applications like ultrafiltration and nanofiltration. Here we use the commercially available Pebax® 1657 for the preparation of membranes for the filtration of organic solvents. Porous polyacrylonitrile membranes were coated with Pebax® 1657 which was then crosslinked. Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) was used as a crosslinker agent for the coating. Reaction time and crosslinker concentration were optimized for the aimed application. The Pebax® coating and the impact of the TDI on the resulting crosslinked membranes were investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). SEM analysis shows a uniform thin coating of the PEBAX that covers the pores of the PAN membranes. FTIR and DSC analysis confirm the crosslinking reaction. Crosslinked Pebax® membranes show high stability toward ethanol propanol, acetone and even dimethylformamide (DMF). In the case of DMF applications, the standard PAN was replaced by crosslinked PAN developed in our laboratory. In order to increase the membranes permeances, graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets were incorporated in the Pebax® coating. These GO containing membranes showed strongly increased permeances for selected solvents. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
CitationAburabie J, Peinemann K-V (2017) Crosslinked poly(ether block amide) composite membranes for organic solvent nanofiltration applications. Journal of Membrane Science 523: 264–272. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2016.09.027.
SponsorsThe research reported in this publication was supported by the funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
JournalJournal of Membrane Science