Aromatic ring formation in opposed-flow diffusive 1,3-butadiene flames
Embargo End Date2018-10-17
KAUST DepartmentChemical Engineering Program
Clean Combustion Research Center
Combustion and Pyrolysis Chemistry (CPC) Group
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Online Publication Date2016-10-17
Print Publication Date2017
AbstractThis paper is concerned with the formation of one- and two-ring aromatic species in near atmospheric-pressure opposed-flow diffusion flames of 1,3-butadiene (1,3-CH). The chemical structures of two different 1,3-CH/Ar-O/Ar flames were explored using flame-sampling molecular-beam mass spectrometry with both electron and single-photon ionization. We provide mole fraction profiles of 47 components as function of distance from the fuel outlet and compare them to chemically detailed modeling results. To this end, the hierarchically developed model described by Seidel et al.  has been updated to accurately comprise the chemistry of 1,3-butadiene. Generally a very good agreement is observed between the experimental and modeling data, allowing for a meaningful reaction path analysis. With regard to the formation of aromatic species up to naphthalene, it was essential to improve the fulvene and the C chemistry description in the mechanism. In particular, benzene is found to be formed mainly via fulvene through the reactions of the CH isomers with CH The n-CH radical reacts with CH forming 1,3-pentadiene (CH), which is subsequently oxidized to form the naphthalene precursor cyclopentadienyl (CH). Oxidation of naphthalene is predicted to be a contributor to the formation of phenylacetylene (CH), indicating that consumption reactions can be of similar importance as molecular growth reactions.
CitationMoshammer K, Seidel L, Wang Y, Selim H, Sarathy SM, et al. (2016) Aromatic ring formation in opposed-flow diffusive 1,3-butadiene flames. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2016.09.010.
AcknowledgementsNational Nuclear Security Administration[DE-AC04-94-AL85000]
U.S. Department of Energy[DEAC02-05CH11231]
Basic Energy Sciences
Office of Science
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology