Analysis and computation of the elastic wave equation with random coefficients

We consider the stochastic initial-boundary value problem for the elastic wave equation with random coefficients and deterministic data. We propose a stochastic collocation method for computing statistical moments of the solution or statistics of some given quantities of interest. We study the convergence rate of the error in the stochastic collocation method. In particular, we show that, the rate of convergence depends on the regularity of the solution or the quantity of interest in the stochastic space, which is in turn related to the regularity of the deterministic data in the physical space and the type of the quantity of interest. We demonstrate that a fast rate of convergence is possible in two cases: for the elastic wave solutions with high regular data; and for some high regular quantities of interest even in the presence of low regular data. We perform numerical examples, including a simplified earthquake, which confirm the analysis and show that the collocation method is a valid alternative to the more traditional Monte Carlo sampling method for approximating quantities with high stochastic regularity.

Motamed M, Nobile F, Tempone R (2015) Analysis and computation of the elastic wave equation with random coefficients. Computers & Mathematics with Applications 70: 2454–2473. Available:

The authors would like to recognize the support of the PECOS center at ICES, University of Texas at Austin (Project Number 024550, Center for Predictive Computational Science). Support from the VR project "Effektiva numeriska metoder for stokastiska differentialekvationer med tillampningar" and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) AEA project "Bayesian earthquake source validation for ground motion simulation" is also acknowledged. The third author is a member of the KAUST SRI Center for Uncertainty Quantification in Computational Science and Engineering. The second author has been supported by the Italian grant FIRB-IDEAS (Project n. RBID08223Z) "Advanced numerical techniques for uncertainty quantification in engineering and life science problems".

Elsevier BV

Computers & Mathematics with Applications


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