Hund’s Rule-Driven Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction at 3d−5d Interfaces
KAUST DepartmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
KAUST Grant NumberOSR-CRG URF/1/2285-01
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AbstractUsing relativistic first-principles calculations, we show that the chemical trend of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) in 3d-5d ultrathin films follows Hund's first rule with a tendency similar to their magnetic moments in either the unsupported 3d monolayers or 3d-5d interfaces. We demonstrate that, besides the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) effect in inversion asymmetric noncollinear magnetic systems, the driving force is the 3d orbital occupations and their spin-flip mixing processes with the spin-orbit active 5d states control directly the sign and magnitude of the DMI. The magnetic chirality changes are discussed in the light of the interplay between SOC, Hund's first rule, and the crystal-field splitting of d orbitals. © 2016 American Physical Society.
CitationBelabbes A, Bihlmayer G, Bechstedt F, Blügel S, Manchon A (2016) Hund’s Rule-Driven Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction at 3d−5d Interfaces. Physical Review Letters 117. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.247202.
SponsorsA. B. and A. M. acknowledge financial support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through the Grant No. OSR-CRG URF/1/2285-01 from the Office of Sponsored Research (OSR). We acknowledge computing time on the supercomputers SHAHEEN, NOOR, and SMC at KAUST Supercomputing Centre and JUROPA at the Jülich Supercomputing Centre (JSC).
PublisherAmerican Physical Society (APS)
JournalPhysical Review Letters