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dc.contributor.authorSaleh, Mohamed Nasr
dc.contributor.authorWang, Ying
dc.contributor.authorYudhanto, Arief
dc.contributor.authorJoesbury, Adam
dc.contributor.authorPotluri, Prasad
dc.contributor.authorLubineau, Gilles
dc.contributor.authorSoutis, Constantinos
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-08T08:40:38Z
dc.date.available2016-12-08T08:40:38Z
dc.date.issued2016-09-26
dc.identifier.citationSaleh MN, Wang Y, Yudhanto A, Joesbury A, Potluri P, et al. (2016) Investigating the Potential of Using Off-Axis 3D Woven Composites in Composite Joints’ Applications. Applied Composite Materials. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10443-016-9529-9.
dc.identifier.issn0929-189X
dc.identifier.issn1573-4897
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10443-016-9529-9
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/621974
dc.description.abstractThe effect of circular notch has been evaluated for three different architectures of three-dimensional (3D) carbon fibre woven composites (orthogonal, ORT; layer-to-layer, LTL; angle interlock, AI) through open-hole quasi-static tension and double-lap bearing strength tests in the off-axis (45°) direction. Damage characterisation is monitored using Digital Image correlation (DIC) for open-hole testing and X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) for double-lap bearing strength test. The off-axis notched 3D woven composites exhibits minor reduction (less than 10 %) of the notched strength compared to the un-notched strength. DIC strain contour clearly show stress/strain localisation regions around the hole periphery and stress/strain redistribution away from the whole due to the z-binder existence, especially for ORT architecture. Up to 50 % bearing strain, no significant difference in the bearing stress/bearing strain response is observed. However when ORT architecture was loaded up to failure, it demonstrates higher strain to failure (~140 %) followed by AI (~105 %) and lastly LTL (~85 %). X-ray CT scans reveal the effect of the z-binder architecture on damage evolution and delamination resistance. The study suggests that off-axis loaded 3D woven composites, especially ORT architecture, has a great potential of overcoming the current challenges facing composite laminates when used in composite joints’ applications. © 2016 The Author(s)
dc.description.sponsorshipAuthors would like to acknowledge the financial support from University of Manchester (UoM) and from Baseline Research Funds from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). We also acknowledge the technical support from the National Composites Certification and Evaluation Facility (NCCEF).
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.urlhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10443-016-9529-9
dc.rightsThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectDamage mechanics
dc.subjectDigital image correlation (DIC)
dc.subjectThree-dimensional (3D) woven composites
dc.subjectX-ray computed tomography (CT)
dc.titleInvestigating the Potential of Using Off-Axis 3D Woven Composites in Composite Joints’ Applications
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalApplied Composite Materials
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionNorthwest Composite Centre, School of Materials, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionHenry Moseley X-ray Imaging Facility, School of Materials, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionAerospace Research Institute, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
kaust.personYudhanto, Arief
kaust.personLubineau, Gilles
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T17:20:10Z


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This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.