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dc.contributor.authorAlmahasheer, Hanan
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.contributor.authorIrigoien, Xabier
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-29T08:47:43Z
dc.date.available2016-11-29T08:47:43Z
dc.date.issued2016-11-28
dc.identifier.citationAlmahasheer H, Duarte CM, Irigoien X (2016) Phenology and Growth dynamics of Avicennia marina in the Central Red Sea. Scientific Reports 6: 37785. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep37785.
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep37785
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/621894
dc.description.abstractThe formation of nodes, stem elongation and the phenology of stunted Avicennia marina was examined in the Central Red Sea, where Avicennia marina is at the limit of its distribution range and submitted to extremely arid conditions with salinity above 38 psu and water temperature as high as 35° C. The annual node production was rather uniform among locations averaging 9.59 node y−1, which resulted in a plastocron interval, the interval in between production of two consecutive nodes along a stem, of 38 days. However, the internodal length varied significantly between locations, resulting in growth differences possibly reflecting the environmental conditions of locations. The reproductive cycle lasted for approximately 12 months, and was characterized by peak flowering and propagule development in November and January. These phenological observations provide a starting point for research and restoration programs on the ecology of mangroves in the Central Red Sea, while the plastochrone index reported here would allow calculations of the growth and production of the species from simple morphological measurements.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research reported in this paper was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. We thank the Costal and Marine Resources core lab in KAUST Nabeel Alikunhi and Zenon Batang, as well as the Red Sea Research Centre Joao Curdia and Katherine Rowe for helping in the field. And we thank Ivan Gromhico, KAUST, for the artist work on Fig. 8. And the Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for providing the weather data.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/articles/srep37785
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titlePhenology and Growth dynamics of Avicennia marina in the Central Red Sea
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reports
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionBiology Department, University of Dammam (UOD), Dammam 31441-1982, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.institutionIKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain
dc.contributor.institutionAZTI - Marine Research, Herrera Kaia, Portualdea z/g – 20110 Pasaia (Gipuzkoa), Spain
kaust.personAlmahasheer, Hanan
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
kaust.personIrigoien, Xabier
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T15:12:22Z


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/