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dc.contributor.authorBouwmeester, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorGatins, Remy
dc.contributor.authorGiles, Emily
dc.contributor.authorSinclair-Taylor, Tane
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-03T08:29:52Z
dc.date.available2016-11-03T08:29:52Z
dc.date.issued2016-06-21
dc.identifier.citationBouwmeester J, Gatins R, Giles EC, Sinclair-Taylor TH, Berumen ML (2016) Spawning of coral reef invertebrates and a second spawning season for scleractinian corals in the central Red Sea. Invertebrate Biology 135: 273–284. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ivb.12129.
dc.identifier.issn1077-8306
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/ivb.12129
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/621461
dc.description.abstractRecent coral spawning observations in the central Red Sea show that most scleractinian species release their gametes in the spring, with a majority of species spawning in April. There is, however, a lack of reproductive data for several other coral species, as well as a general lack of data for other invertebrates. Here, we document the detailed timing of spawning for 13 scleractinian coral species, one sea anemone, and six echinoderms from an inshore reef off the coast of Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, in the spring between April and June 2014. Furthermore, inferred from the presence of mature gametes, we report the month of spawning for three additional coral species in the spring. Seven scleractinian coral species were inferred to release their gametes in a second reproductive season, in the autumn, between September and November. This is the first report of a second spawning season in the Arabian region. Biannual spawning has so far been reported on the Great Barrier Reef, in Western Australia, in Indonesia, in Malaysia, in Palau, in Thailand, in Taiwan, and in Western Samoa. © 2016, The American Microscopical Society, Inc.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe are grateful to all of the night divers who participated in the night-time surveys, with special thanks to Till Rothig for providing us with additional observations from his photographs. We specially thank David Pallett for his time and assistance in the field, and Haitham Al Jahdali and Ramzi Al Jahdali for facilitating the logistics and for their assistance with the coastguard permissions. Many thanks to the crew of the MV KAUST Explorer for their support at the surface and for safely navigating every night through the network of reefs in front of Thuwal. We are particularly grateful to Anna Scott for her help with biopsy methods and with identifying anemone spawning behavior. We also thank Gustav Paulay for invertebrate identification. Finally, we thank two anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions, which improved the article. Funds were provided by KAUST baseline research funding and award CRG-1-BER-002 to MLB.
dc.publisherWiley
dc.subjectAnemone
dc.titleSpawning of coral reef invertebrates and a second spawning season for scleractinian corals in the central Red Sea
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentComputational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC)
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalInvertebrate Biology
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Geology & Carl R. Woese Institute of Genomic Biology; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Urbana Illinois 61801 USA
kaust.personBouwmeester, Jessica
kaust.personGatins, Remy
kaust.personGiles, Emily
kaust.personSinclair-Taylor, Tane
kaust.personBerumen, Michael L.
kaust.grant.numberCRG-1-BER-002
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitMV KAUST Explorer
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitKAUST baseline research
dc.date.published-online2016-06-21
dc.date.published-print2016-09


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