Reduced resilience of a globally distributed coccolithophore to ocean acidification: Confirmed up to 2000 generations

Type
Article

Authors
Jin, Peng
Gao, Kunshan

KAUST Department
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Environmental Science and Engineering Program
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)

Online Publication Date
2015-12-30

Print Publication Date
2016-02

Date
2015-12-30

Abstract
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Ocean acidification (OA), induced by rapid anthropogenic CO2 rise and its dissolution in seawater, is known to have consequences for marine organisms. However, knowledge on the evolutionary responses of phytoplankton to OA has been poorly studied. Here we examined the coccolithophore Gephyrocapsa oceanica, while growing it for 2000 generations under ambient and elevated CO2 levels. While OA stimulated growth in the earlier selection period (from generations ~700 to ~1550), it reduced it in the later selection period up to 2000 generations. Similarly, stimulated production of particulate organic carbon and nitrogen reduced with increasing selection period and decreased under OA up to 2000 generations. The specific adaptation of growth to OA disappeared in generations 1700 to 2000 when compared with that at 1000 generations. Both phenotypic plasticity and fitness decreased within selection time, suggesting that the species' resilience to OA decreased after 2000 generations under high CO2 selection.

Citation
Jin P, Gao K (2016) Reduced resilience of a globally distributed coccolithophore to ocean acidification: Confirmed up to 2000 generations. Marine Pollution Bulletin 103: 101–108. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.12.039.

Acknowledgements
This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation (No. 41430967 & No. 41120164007), the Joint Project of the NSFC and Shandong province (No. U1406403), and the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA11020302). The authors are grateful to Shanying Tong and Nana Liu (students) for their technical assistance and to Wenyan Zhao, Xianglan Zeng and Liting Peng for their kind help with the laboratory logistics. Professor John Hodgkiss is thanked for his help with English.

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Journal
Marine Pollution Bulletin

DOI
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.12.039

Relations
Is Supplemented By:
  • [Dataset]
    Jin, P., & Gao, K. (2016). Reduced resilience of a globally distributed coccolithophore to ocean acidification: Confirmed up to 2000 generations, supplement to: Jin, Peng; Gao, Kunshan (2016): Reduced resilience of a globally distributed coccolithophore to ocean acidification: Confirmed up to 2000 generations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 103(1-2), 101-108 [Data set]. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.860281. DOI: 10.1594/PANGAEA.860281 HANDLE: 10754/624157

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