The genetics of an early Neolithic pastoralist from the Zagros, Iran
Jones, E. R.
Merrett, D. C.
Cho, Y. S.
Online Publication Date2016-08-09
Print Publication Date2016-11
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/620938
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe agricultural transition profoundly changed human societies. We sequenced and analysed the first genome (1.39x) of an early Neolithic woman from Ganj Dareh, in the Zagros Mountains of Iran, a site with early evidence for an economy based on goat herding, ca. 10,000 BP. We show that Western Iran was inhabited by a population genetically most similar to hunter-gatherers from the Caucasus, but distinct from the Neolithic Anatolian people who later brought food production into Europe. The inhabitants of Ganj Dareh made little direct genetic contribution to modern European populations, suggesting those of the Central Zagros were somewhat isolated from other populations of the Fertile Crescent. Runs of homozygosity are of a similar length to those from Neolithic farmers, and shorter than those of Caucasus and Western Hunter-Gatherers, suggesting that the inhabitants of Ganj Dareh did not undergo the large population bottleneck suffered by their northern neighbours. While some degree of cultural diffusion between Anatolia, Western Iran and other neighbouring regions is possible, the genetic dissimilarity between early Anatolian farmers and the inhabitants of Ganj Dareh supports a model in which Neolithic societies in these areas were distinct.
CitationGallego-Llorente M, Connell S, Jones ER, Merrett DC, Jeon Y, et al. (2016) The genetics of an early Neolithic pastoralist from the Zagros, Iran. Scientific Reports 6: 31326. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep31326.
SponsorsA.M. was supported by ERC Consolidator Grant 647787 ‘LocalAdaptation’; R.P. by ERC Starting Grant: ERC- 2010-StG 26344 (“ADNABIOARC”); M.H. by ERC Consolidator Grant 310763 ‘GeneFlow’; C.G. was supported by the Irish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS) ERC Support Programme and the Marie-Curie Intra-European Fellowships (FP7-IEF-328024); S.C. was supported by the Irish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS) ERC Support Programme; J.B. was supported by the 2014 Research fund (1.140077.01) of Ulsan National Institute of Science & Technology (UNIST) and Geromics internal research funding; J.B. and Y.S.C. were supported by the Research Fund (14-BR-SS-03) of Civil-Military Technology Cooperation Program; R.B. was supported by ERC Consolidator Grant 617627 “ADaPt”; and M.G. by a BBSRC DTP studentship.
- Early Neolithic genomes from the eastern Fertile Crescent.
- Authors: Broushaki F, Thomas MG, Link V, López S, van Dorp L, Kirsanow K, Hofmanová Z, Diekmann Y, Cassidy LM, Díez-Del-Molino D, Kousathanas A, Sell C, Robson HK, Martiniano R, Blöcher J, Scheu A, Kreutzer S, Bollongino R, Bobo D, Davudi H, Munoz O, Currat M, Abdi K, Biglari F, Craig OE, Bradley DG, Shennan S, Veeramah K, Mashkour M, Wegmann D, Hellenthal G, Burger J
- Issue date: 2016 Jul 29
- Paleogenomic Evidence for Multi-generational Mixing between Neolithic Farmers and Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers in the Lower Danube Basin.
- Authors: González-Fortes G, Jones ER, Lightfoot E, Bonsall C, Lazar C, Grandal-d'Anglade A, Garralda MD, Drak L, Siska V, Simalcsik A, Boroneanţ A, Vidal Romaní JR, Vaqueiro Rodríguez M, Arias P, Pinhasi R, Manica A, Hofreiter M
- Issue date: 2017 Jun 19
- Ancient DNA from hunter-gatherer and farmer groups from Northern Spain supports a random dispersion model for the Neolithic expansion into Europe.
- Authors: Hervella M, Izagirre N, Alonso S, Fregel R, Alonso A, Cabrera VM, de la Rúa C
- Issue date: 2012
- Ancient DNA analysis of 8000 B.C. near eastern farmers supports an early neolithic pioneer maritime colonization of Mainland Europe through Cyprus and the Aegean Islands.
- Authors: Fernández E, Pérez-Pérez A, Gamba C, Prats E, Cuesta P, Anfruns J, Molist M, Arroyo-Pardo E, Turbón D
- Issue date: 2014 Jun
- Late Pleistocene human genome suggests a local origin for the first farmers of central Anatolia.
- Authors: Feldman M, Fernández-Domínguez E, Reynolds L, Baird D, Pearson J, Hershkovitz I, May H, Goring-Morris N, Benz M, Gresky J, Bianco RA, Fairbairn A, Mustafaoğlu G, Stockhammer PW, Posth C, Haak W, Jeong C, Krause J
- Issue date: 2019 Mar 19