A catalogue of 136 microbial draft genomes from Red Sea metagenomes
KAUST DepartmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
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AbstractEarth is expected to continue warming and the Red Sea is a model environment for understanding the effects of global warming on ocean microbiomes due to its unusually high temperature, salinity and solar irradiance. However, most microbial diversity analyses of the Red Sea have been limited to cultured representatives and single marker gene analyses, hence neglecting the substantial uncultured majority. Here, we report 136 microbial genomes (completion minus contamination is ≥50%) assembled from 45 metagenomes from eight stations spanning the Red Sea and taken from multiple depths between 10 to 500 m. Phylogenomic analysis showed that most of the retrieved genomes belong to seven different phyla of known marine microbes, but more than half representing currently uncultured species. The open-access data presented here is the largest number of Red Sea representative microbial genomes reported in a single study and will help facilitate future studies in understanding the physiology of these microorganisms and how they have adapted to the relatively harsh conditions of the Red Sea.
CitationA catalogue of 136 microbial draft genomes from Red Sea metagenomes 2016, 3:160050 Scientific Data
SponsorsWe acknowledge the people who were involved in the KAUST Red Sea Expedition 2011 and those that helped to generate the data, include, but are not limited to, those named here: Matt Cahill, Mamoon Rashid, Vinu Manikandan, David Ngugi and Ahmed Shibl. This work was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC) fellowship to L.R.T., and SABIC presidential chair to U.S.
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