dc.contributor.advisor Manchon, Aurelien dc.contributor.author Li, Hang dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-22T13:03:06Z dc.date.available 2017-06-15T00:00:00Z dc.date.issued 2016-06-21 dc.identifier.citation Li, H. (2016). Spin Orbit Torque in Ferromagnetic Semiconductors. KAUST Research Repository. https://doi.org/10.25781/KAUST-S464K dc.identifier.doi 10.25781/KAUST-S464K dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10754/614071 dc.description.abstract Electrons not only have charges but also have spin. By utilizing the electron spin, the energy consumption of electronic devices can be reduced, their size can be scaled down and the efficiency of read' and write' in memory devices can be significantly improved. Hence, the manipulation of electron spin in electronic devices becomes more and more appealing for the advancement of microelectronics. In spin-based devices, the manipulation of ferromagnetic order parameter using electrical currents is a very useful means for current-driven operation. Nowadays, most of magnetic memory devices are based on the so-called spin transfer torque, which stems from the spin angular momentum transfer between a spin-polarized current and the magnetic order parameter. Recently, a novel spin torque effect, exploiting spin-orbit coupling in non-centrosymmetric magnets, has attracted a massive amount of attention. This thesis addresses the nature of spin-orbit coupled transport and torques in non-centrosymmetric magnetic semiconductors. We start with the theoretical study of spin orbit torque in three dimensional ferromagnetic GaMnAs. Using the Kubo formula, we calculate both the current-driven field-like torque and anti-damping-like torque. We compare the numerical results with the analytical expressions in the model case of a magnetic Rashba two-dimensional electron gas. Parametric dependencies of the different torque components and similarities to the analytical results of the Rashba two-dimensional electron gas in the weak disorder limit are described. Subsequently we study spin-orbit torques in two dimensional hexagonal crystals such as graphene, silicene, germanene and stanene. In the presence of staggered potential and exchange field, the valley degeneracy can be lifted and we obtain a valley-dependent Berry curvature, leading to a tunable antidamping torque by controlling the valley degree of freedom. This thesis then addresses the influence of the quantum spin Hall effect on spin orbit torque in nanoribbons with a hexagonal lattice. We find a dramatic modification of the nature of the torque (field like and damping-like component) when crossing the topological phase transition. The relative agnitude of the two torque components can be significantly modifies by changing the magnetization direction. Finally, motivated by recent experimental results, we conclude by investigating the features of spin-orbit torque in magnetic transition metal dichalcogenides. We find the torque is associated with the valley polarization. By changing the magnetization direction, the torque can be changed from a finite value to zero when the valley polarization decreases from a finite value to zero. dc.language.iso en dc.subject Spin Orbit Torque dc.subject Spin Orbit Coupling dc.subject Magnetization dc.title Spin Orbit Torque in Ferromagnetic Semiconductors dc.type Dissertation dc.contributor.department Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division dc.rights.embargodate 2017-06-15 thesis.degree.grantor King Abdullah University of Science and Technology dc.contributor.committeemember Schwingenschlögl, Udo dc.contributor.committeemember Li, Xiaohang dc.contributor.committeemember Duine, Rembert A. thesis.degree.discipline Materials Science and Engineering thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy dc.rights.accessrights At the time of archiving, the student author of this dissertation opted to temporarily restrict access to it. The full text of this dissertation became available to the public after the expiration of the embargo on 2017-06-15. refterms.dateFOA 2017-06-15T00:00:00Z
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