Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals
Drake, Jeana L
Gates, Ruth D
Gruber, David F
Lesser, Michael P
Liew, Yi Jin
Price, Dana C
Putnam, Hollie M
Stokes, Alexander J
Voolstra, Christian R.
Walker, Charles W
Weber, Andreas PM
Falkowski, Paul G
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Marine Science Program
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/613035
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractTranscriptome and genome data from twenty stony coral species and a selection of reference bilaterians were studied to elucidate coral evolutionary history. We identified genes that encode the proteins responsible for the precipitation and aggregation of the aragonite skeleton on which the organisms live, and revealed a network of environmental sensors that coordinate responses of the host animals to temperature, light, and pH. Furthermore, we describe a variety of stress-related pathways, including apoptotic pathways that allow the host animals to detoxify reactive oxygen and nitrogen species that are generated by their intracellular photosynthetic symbionts, and determine the fate of corals under environmental stress. Some of these genes arose through horizontal gene transfer and comprise at least 0.2% of the animal gene inventory. Our analysis elucidates the evolutionary strategies that have allowed symbiotic corals to adapt and thrive for hundreds of millions of years.
CitationComparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals 2016, 5 eLife
SponsorsThis work was made possible by grants from the National Science Foundation, especially EF-1408097, to PGF, DB, RDG, HMP and TM, which sponsored the workshop. Additional funding was provided by the National Science Foundation through grants EF-1041143/RU 432635 and EF-1416785 awarded to PGF, DB, and TM, respectively. RDG, HMP, and AJS were supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health, NIMHD P20MD006084, the Hawaii Community Foundation, Leahi Fund 13ADVC-60228 and NSF OCE PRF 1323822 and National Science Foundation Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research Hawaii: EPS-0903833. CRV and MA acknowledge funding by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
PublishereLife Sciences Publications, Ltd
- Comparative genomics reveals the distinct evolutionary trajectories of the robust and complex coral lineages.
- Authors: Ying H, Cooke I, Sprungala S, Wang W, Hayward DC, Tang Y, Huttley G, Ball EE, Forêt S, Miller DJ
- Issue date: 2018 Nov 2
- Coral life history and symbiosis: functional genomic resources for two reef building Caribbean corals, Acropora palmata and Montastraea faveolata.
- Authors: Schwarz JA, Brokstein PB, Voolstra C, Terry AY, Manohar CF, Miller DJ, Szmant AM, Coffroth MA, Medina M
- Issue date: 2008 Feb 25
- Impact of seawater acidification on pH at the tissue-skeleton interface and calcification in reef corals.
- Authors: Venn AA, Tambutté E, Holcomb M, Laurent J, Allemand D, Tambutté S
- Issue date: 2013 Jan 29
- Specificity is rarely absolute in coral-algal symbiosis: implications for coral response to climate change.
- Authors: Silverstein RN, Correa AM, Baker AC
- Issue date: 2012 Jul 7
- Amorphous calcium carbonate particles form coral skeletons.
- Authors: Mass T, Giuffre AJ, Sun CY, Stifler CA, Frazier MJ, Neder M, Tamura N, Stan CV, Marcus MA, Gilbert PUPA
- Issue date: 2017 Sep 12